Poliomyelitis

human disease
(Redirected from Polio)

Poliomyelitis, or polio, is a virus that causes a serious disease. It is spread from person to person.[1]

A man's right leg, affected by polio

Most of the time, polio has no symptoms unless the polio virus gets into the blood.[2] It is uncommon for the virus to enter the brain or spinal cord. If this does happen, it can cause muscles to become paralyzed. Some people get better from the paralysis. Others will be disabled. Depending on which muscles have been affected, these people may need a mobility aid or a wheelchair; they may have difficulty using their hands; or they may even have trouble breathing.

About 15 out of every 10,000 adults who get polio die. (This means an adult has a 0.015% chance of dying from polio.)

Vaccination with polio vaccines could stop the disease all over the world. Organizations like the World Health Organization have been trying to vaccinate as many people as possible against polio.[3] Vaccinations have eliminated polio from most countries in the world.[4][5]

Worldwide, polio has become much less common in the past few decades. In 1988, there were about 350,000 cases of polio in the world. By 2007, the number of cases of polio in the world had decreased by over 99.9%, to just 1,652 cases.[6][7][8] The disease is preventable with the polio vaccine; however, multiple doses are required for it to be effective. The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends polio vaccination boosters for travellers and those who live in countries where the disease is endemic.

The 32nd President of the United States, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, had polio. So far, he is the only President of the United States to have had this disease.

ReferencesEdit

  1. Harrison's principles of internal medicine (16th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill, Medical Pub. Division. 2005. ISBN 0-07-139140-1. OCLC 54501403.
  2. "Enteroviruses". Sherris Medical Microbiology (4th ed.). McGraw Hill. 2004. pp. 535–7. ISBN 0-8385-8529-9.
  3. Heymann D (2006). "Global polio eradication initiative". Bull. World Health Organ. 84 (8): 595. PMC 2627439. PMID 16917643.
  4. Aylward RB (2006). "Eradicating polio: today's challenges and tomorrow's legacy". Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology. 100 (5–6): 401–13. doi:10.1179/136485906X97354. PMID 16899145. S2CID 25327986. Retrieved 2009-01-02.
  5. Schonberger, Lawrence B.; Kaplan, Jonathan; Kim-Farley, Robert; Moore, Melinda; Eddins, Donald L.; Hatch, Milford (1984-05-01). "Control of Paralytic Poliomyelitis in the United States". Clinical Infectious Diseases. 6 (Supplement_2): S424–S426. doi:10.1093/clinids/6.Supplement_2.S424. ISSN 1537-6591.
  6. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (October 2006). "Update on vaccine-derived polioviruses". MMWR Morb. Mortal. Wkly. Rep. 55 (40): 1093–7. PMID 17035927.
  7. Kew, Olen M.; Sutter, Roland W.; de Gourville, Esther M.; Dowdle, Walter R.; Pallansch, Mark A. (2005-10-01). "VACCINE-DERIVED POLIOVIRUSES AND THE ENDGAME STRATEGY FOR GLOBAL POLIO ERADICATION". Annual Review of Microbiology. 59 (1): 587–635. doi:10.1146/annurev.micro.58.030603.123625. ISSN 0066-4227.
  8. "Wild Poliovirus Weekly Update". Global Polio Eradication Initiative. 2008-11-25. Archived from the original on 2008-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-29.