practical application of good manners or etiquette so as not to offend others
Politeness is the teaching or acting of good manners so as not to offend others. What is thought to be polite may be different or event rude depending on many cultures.
- Negative politeness: Making a request less rude, such as "If you don't mind..." or "If it isn't too much trouble..."
- Non-assertive politeness: when a person does not stop from making a comment or pushing their beliefs during a discussion.
- Assertive politeness: when a person offers their opinion in a positive way to be assistive and helpful during an interaction. Or
- Positive politeness: Seeks to create a positive relationship between people.
Some cultures seem to prefer one of these kinds of politeness over the other. In this way politeness is culturally bound.
- Model Citizenship Real-life Examples of Civil Politeness
- Sociolinguistics: Politeness
- Sociolinguistics: Politeness in Spanish
- wiki project in comparative politeness: European Communicative Strategies (ECSTRA) (directed by Joachim Grzega)
- Politeness, BBC Radio 4 discussion with Amanda Vickery, David Wootton & John Mullan (In Our Time, Sep. 30, 2004)