President of Azerbaijan


The country of Azerbaijan is a republic, with the President of Azerbaijan as the head of state, and the Prime Minister of Azerbaijan as head of government. The Constitution of Azerbaijan makes the President the Commander-in-Chief of the Azerbaijani Armed Forces and the President of Azerbaijan has more powers than the Prime Minister of Azerbaijan and the National Assembly of Azerbaijan.

Flag of the President of Azerbaijan

The President is directly elected by the people for a five-year term and can be re-elected without any limit. The President cannot be put on trial or put in prison during his term.

The President can call a national referendum for important issues for the country, such as changing the articles of the Constitution, because a referendum is necessary for changing the Constitution. The Constitution also allows the President to be a member of a political party.

The current President of Azerbaijan is Ilham Aliyev. The list includes all the presidents that lead the country after it became independent in 1991 when the Soviet Union collapsed the same year. This is a complete list of the Presidents of Azerbaijan.

Presidents of the Republic of Azerbaijan (1991-Present) change

For leaders before independence, see List of leaders of Azerbaijan
# Name Photo Term start
Term end
Political Party

(at time of appointment)

1 Ayaz Mütallibov   30 August 1991 6 March 1992 Independent
Yaqub Mammadov
  6 March 1992 14 May 1992 Independent
Ayaz Mütallibov   14 May 1992 18 May 1992 Independent
Isa Gambar
  19 May 1992 16 June 1992 Azerbaijani Popular Front Party
2 Abulfaz Elchibey 16 June 1992 1 September 1993 Azerbaijani Popular Front Party
3 Heydar Aliyev   3 October 1993 31 October 2003 New Azerbaijan Party
4 Ilham Aliyev   31 October 2003 Incumbent New Azerbaijan Party

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