(Horan.) Graham, Thorne & Reveal
The species in this genus are shrubs or small trees that could grow up to 6 to 10 m (20 to 33 ft) high. Leaves are opossite. Flowers and fruits are yellow to bright red.
There are only two species accepted in the genus Punica:
- Punica granatum L., pomegranate. The pomegranate originated in the region of modern-day Iran, and has been cultivated since ancient times throughout the Mediterranean region and northern India.
- Punica protopunica Balf.f., Socotra pomegranate. It is endemic to the island of Socotra. It differs from the common pomegranate because it has pink (not red) flowers and smaller, less sweet fruit.
Although previously placed in its own family Punicaceae, recent phylogenetic studies have shown that Punica belongs in the family Lythraceae, and it is classified in that family by the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group.
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- "Genus: Punica L." Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 1998-06-02. Retrieved 2012-12-09.
- Carolus Linnaeus. "Species Plantarum, Tomus I" (in Latin). p. 472. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
- Morton, Julia F. (1987). "Pomegranate, Punica granatum L." Fruits of Warm Climates. Purdue New Crops Profile. pp. 352–355. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
- "Punica". The Plant List. Retrieved 8 January 2017.