The Purple frog, Nasikabatrachus sahyadrensis, is a frog species in the family Sooglossidae. It lives in the Western Ghats in India. Common names for this species are Indian purple frog, pignose frog or doughnut frog. It was discovered by S.D. Biju and F. Bossyut in October 2003.
|Calls of Nasikabatrachus sahyadrensis|
Biju & Bossuyt, 2003
|Distribution range of Nasikabatrachus sahyadrensis (in ORANGE)|
This frog's body is shaped similarly to that of most frogs. It is somewhat rounded. It has a small head and an unusual pointed snout. Adults are typically dark purple in color. Its cry sounds more like one from a chicken.
The frog spends most of the year underground. It comes out only for about two weeks, during the monsoon. This is to mate.
Unlike many other digging species of frogs that feed above the ground, this species eats underground. They feed mainly on termites using their tongue.
Scientists say that because the purple frog and Bhupathy's purple frog have close relatives in the Seychelles, which are close to Africa, it is likely that the Gondwanaland idea of why the continents are where they are is right. This idea says that Africa and India used to be one large continent, called Gondwanaland,.
- S.D. Biju (2004). "Nasikabatrachus sahyadrensis". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2004: e.T58051A11722468. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T58051A11722468.en.
- Frost, Darrel R. 2006. Amphibian Species of the World: an online reference. Version 4.0 (17 August 2006). Electronic Database . American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA.
- Jason Bittel (August 24, 2017). "New Purple Pig-Nose Frog Found in Remote Mountains". National Geographic.
- Aathira Perinchery (August 23, 2017). "'N. phupathi', a frog with the face of a pig". The Hindu.
- S. Jegath Janani, Karthikeyan Vasudevan, Elizabeth Prendini, Sushil Kumar Dutta, Ramesh K. Aggarwa (July 31, 2017). "A new species of the genus Nasikabatrachus (Anura, Nasikabatrachidae) from the eastern slopes of the Western Ghats, India" (PDF). Alytes.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)