Richard Howe, 1st Earl Howe
|Years of service||British Navy: 1757-1790s|
|Relations||General George Howe, General William Howe|
Early life and familyEdit
Richard Howe was born in 1726. His parents were Emmanuel and Charlotte Howe. He had three brothers, George, William, and Thomas. Howe's mother Charlotte was related to the royal family. Her mother, Sophia von Kielmannsegg, was a king's daughter by a mistress. So Charlotte was King George I's niece through his half-sister. Sir Nathanial Wrahall said that Richard Howe looked like King George I.
American Revolutionary WarEdit
Richard Howe was a peace commissioner for the British. He met with George Washington to talk about avoiding a war, but the talks did not work out. After that, Howe took command of the British Navy to stop the rebellion. Howe took 400 ships, to Staten Island Harbor and forced the Continental Army to run away from New York. At the time, this was the largest fleet in the history of the British Navy.
After the French joined the war in 1778, Howe won battles even after he was outnumbered. When British Admiral John Byron showed up, Howe went back to England. He resigned his position because he did not like Lord North.
Richard Howe did rejoin the navy to fight against France and Spain. In 1782, he was named the first Earl Howe. He fought in Gibraltar in 1782. He was made the first Lord of the Admiralty in 1783 and held the post until 1788. He was Vice Admiral of England from 1792 to 1796. In 1794, he defeated the French near Ushant. This victory was called the Glorious First of June.
In 1803, Sir John Barrow said:
"[H]is countenance was of a serious cast, strongly marked and dark; at the same time there was a shyness and awkwardness in his manner, … [but] the expression of his features [soon] assumed a very different and an animated character, assuming that benign aspect which corresponded with his disposition."
He died in 1799.
- "General Washington's Opponents". Mountvernon.org. Retrieved July 20, 2021.
- "Richard Howe". American Battlefield Trust. Retrieved July 2, 2021.
- "William Howe". American Battlefield Trust. Retrieved June 30, 2021.
- "Richard Howe, 1st Earl Howe (1726-1799), Admiral". British Museum. Retrieved July 20, 2021.
- "Battle of Kip's Bay". Mountvernon.org. Retrieved July 20, 2021.