Right to a fair trial

civil and human right

The right to fair trial is an essential right in all countries respecting the rule of law.[1] A trial in these countries that is considered unfair will typically be restarted, or its verdict thrown out. Some of the rights that make a trial fair are explicitly proclaimed in Article 10 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.[2] They are clearly stated in the Sixth Amendment to the United States Constitution.[3] They are also stated in Article 6 of the European Convention of Human Rights,[4] and in Article 14 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, as well as numerous other constitutions and declarations throughout the world. There is no binding international law that defines what is or is not a fair trial.[5] For example, the right to a jury trial and other important procedures vary from nation to nation.

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References change

  1. "The Right to a Fair Trial". Fair Trials International. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
  2. "Universal Declaration of Human Rights". United Nations. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
  3. "Sixth Amendment". Cornell University Law School. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
  4. "Article 6 | Right to a fair trial". 1 Crown Office Row. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
  5. A. H. Robertson; Universität Wien. Rechts- und Staatswissenschaftliche Fakultät., Human Rights in National and International Law: The Proceedings of the Second international conference on the European convention on Human Rights held in Vienna under the Auspices of the Council of Europe and the University of Vienna, 18-20 October, 1965 (Manchester, Manchester U.P.; Dobbs Ferry, NY: Oceana Publications, 1968), p. 172