River Trent

major river of England

The River Trent is one of the major rivers of England. It is the third longest river in the United Kingdom. It starts in Staffordshire. It flows through the centre of England until it joins the River Ouse to form the River Humber (estuary) which empties into the North Sea.

River Trent
RiverTrentNottingham.jpg
Trent Bridge, with Nottingham in the background
River Trent.png
The drainage basin of the River Trent
Location
CountryUnited Kingdom
Country within the UKEngland
CountiesStaffordshire, Derbyshire, Leicestershire, Nottinghamshire, Lincolnshire, Yorkshire
CitiesStoke-on-Trent, Nottingham
TownsStone, Rugeley, Burton upon Trent, Newark-on-Trent, Gainsborough
Physical characteristics
Source 
 - locationBiddulph Moor, Staffordshire, England
 - coordinates53°06′58″N 02°08′25″W / 53.11611°N 2.14028°W / 53.11611; -2.14028
 - elevation275 m (902 ft)
Mouth 
 - locationTrent Falls, Humber Estuary, Lincolnshire, England
 - coordinates53°42′03″N 00°41′28″W / 53.70083°N 0.69111°W / 53.70083; -0.69111Coordinates: 53°42′03″N 00°41′28″W / 53.70083°N 0.69111°W / 53.70083; -0.69111
 - elevation0 m (0 ft)
Length298 km (185 mi)
Basin size10,435 km2 (4,029 sq mi)[3][c]
Discharge 
 - locationColwick[1]
 - average84 m3/s (3,000 cu ft/s)[1]
 - minimum15 m3/s (530 cu ft/s)[1][a]
 - maximum1,018 m3/s (36,000 cu ft/s)[2][b]
Discharge 
 - locationNorth Muskham
 - average88 m3/s (3,100 cu ft/s)
Basin features
Tributaries 
 - leftBlithe, Swarbourn, Dove, Derwent, Erewash, Leen, Greet, Idle, Torne
 - rightSow, Tame, Mease, Soar, Devon, Eau
Progression : River Trent — HumberNorth Sea

The name "Trent" comes from a Celtic word possibly meaning "strongly flooding". More specifically, the name may be a contraction of two Celtic words, tros ("over") and hynt ("way").[5]

It is unusual amongst English rivers in that it flows north (for the second half of its route), and is also unusual in exhibiting a tidal bore, the "Aegir". The area drained by the river includes most of the northern Midlands.

NavigationEdit

The river is legally navigable for some 117 miles (188 kilometres) below Burton upon Trent. However, for practical purposes, navigation above the southern terminus of the Trent and Mersey Canal (at Shardlow) is conducted on the canal, rather than on the river itself.

Trent AegirEdit

At certain times of the year, the lower tidal reaches of the Trent experience a tidal bore which can be up to 5 feet (1.5 metres) high.

NotesEdit

  1. Recorded 23–24 August 1976.
  2. Recorded at 1230hrs on 8 November 2000 – highest discharge since 1 September 1958.
  3. Also listed as 10,452 km2.[4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "28009 – Trent at Colwick". The National River Flow Archive. Centre for Ecology & Hydrology. Retrieved 24 March 2013.
  2. "Hi Flows UK". Environment Agency. Retrieved 4 March 2013.
  3. Trent River Authority. Official Handbook of the Trent River Authority. Cheltenham and London:Ed. J. Burrow and Co. Ltd, 1972.
  4. "Midlands Catchment Flood Management Plans". Environment Agency. Retrieved 11 April 2013.
  5. "University of Wales Online Dictionary". Archived from the original on 2015-06-08. Retrieved 2009-05-18.

Other websitesEdit

  Media related to River Trent at Wikimedia Commons