Second Viennese School

group of composers comprising A. Schönberg and his pupils and associates in early 20th century Vienna, initially characterized by late-Romantic expanded tonality, later by a totally chromatic atonal expressionism, and still later by 12-tone serialism

The Second Viennese School is a group of composers. It was made of Arnold Schoenberg and his pupils and close associates in early 20th century Vienna. Schoenberg lived and taught there between 1903 and 1925. Their music was first like late-Romantic. Later it was a totally chromatic expressionism without firm tonal centre. Later still was Schoenberg's serial twelve-tone technique.

Prime, retrograde, inverse, and retrograde-inverse permutations.

The main members of the school, besides Schoenberg, were Alban Berg and Anton Webern.