Serpent (musical instrument)
The serpent is an ancient, low-sounding wind instrument in an 'S' shape. It looks a bit like a snake or serpent. It is made of wood, but had a mouthpiece similar to a trumpet and is classified as a brass instrument. The serpent has a range from C below the bass clef to around F above middle C. It was perhaps invented by Frenchman, Edme Guillaume, in the late 1500s. It made a comeback in the late 1800s and can be heard in Berlioz' Symphonie Fantastique.
- H. Heyde 2007. Zoomorphic and theatrical musical instruments in the late Italian Renaissance and Baroque eras. In: Marvels of sound and beauty: Italian baroque musical instruments. Florence.