Sex hormone

type of steroid hormone

Sex hormones, also called sex steroids, are steroid hormones that interact with androgen or estrogen receptors.[1]

The non-steroid luteinizing hormone, follicle-stimulating hormone and gonadotropin-releasing hormone are usually not regarded as sex hormones, although they play major sex-related roles.

Natural sex steroids are made by the gonads (ovaries or testes),[2] by adrenal glands, or by conversion from other sex steroids in tissues such as liver or fat.[3]


  1. Guerriero G. 2009. "Vertebrate sex steroid receptors: evolution, ligands, and neurodistribution". Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 1163: 154–168. doi:10.1111/j.1749-6632.2009.04460.x. PMID 19456336.
  2. Brook C.G. 1999. "Mechanism of puberty". Hormone research. 51 Suppl 3: 52–54. doi:10.1159/000053162. PMID 10592444.
  3. Catherine Panter-Brick & Agustín Fuentes 2011. "Glossary". Health, risk, and adversity - Volume 2 of Studies of the Biosocial Society. Berghahn Books. p. 280.