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Shahmukhī alphabet

Perso-Arabic alphabet used to write the Punjabi language

Shahmukhi is a set of letters used to write the Punjabi language by Punjabi speakers in Pakistan. It is written from right to left.

The Shahmukhi script is based on the Perso-Arabic script which is used to write Urdu. Shahmukhi cannot be called an alphabet; it is really an abjad. An abjad is a script that has letters to represent consonants but not vowels. Of course, Shahmukhi, and other scripts relating to it, are impure abjads. This means that there are ways to represent vowels in the writing but they are used in a very bare method.

There are 38 letters in the Shahmukhi abjad. This may seem like a lot to learn, but the letters are really not too difficult to remember.