Shirley Temple, or Shirley Temple Black (April 23, 1928 – February 10, 2014) was an American actress, diplomat and television series hostess. Temple has the distinction of being the first Academy Juvenile Award recipient in 1934.
|Born||April 23, 1928|
Santa Monica, California, U.S.
|Died||February 10, 2014 (aged 85)|
Woodside, California, U.S.
|Cause of death||Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease|
|Resting place||Alta Mesa Memorial Park, Palo Alto, California, U.S.|
|Other names||Shirley Temple Black|
|Years active||1932–65 (as actress)|
1967–92 (as public servant)
(m. 1945; div. 1950)
Charles Alden Black
(m. 1950; died 2005)
|Children||3, including Lori Black|
|27th United States Ambassador to Czechoslovakia|
August 23, 1989 – July 12, 1992
|President||George H. W. Bush|
|Preceded by||Julian Niemczyk|
|Succeeded by||Adrian A. Basora|
|18th Chief of Protocol of the United States|
July 1, 1976 – January 21, 1977
|Preceded by||Henry E. Catto Jr.|
|Succeeded by||Evan Dobelle|
|9th United States Ambassador to Ghana|
December 6, 1974 – July 13, 1976
|Preceded by||Fred L. Hadsel|
|Succeeded by||Robert P. Smith|
Temple began her movie career at age 3 in a series of Poverty Row shorts starring very young children clad in diapers. In 1934, she soared to superstardom in Bright Eyes. Other movies followed that exploited her waiflike charm and abundant talent such as Curly Top, The Little Colonel, Dimples, Wee Willie Winkie, and The Little Princess.
The public adored the child Temple, but her popularity declined as she grew into a young woman. She made several bombs in her teens, but three have become highly regarded classics: Since You Went Away, Fort Apache with Henry Fonda and John Wayne, and The Bachelor and the Bobby-Soxer with Cary Grant and Myrna Loy. Temple married John Agar in 1945. In 1950 she married Charles Black and retired from the movie industry at age 22.
Marriage and motherhood occupied Temple in the following years, but she returned to show biz in the late 1950s with the television series, Shirley Temple's Storybook for NBC. The series was child/family-oriented with dramatizations of fairy tales like Beauty and the Beast, children's stories like Pippi Longstocking, and more mature fare like The House of Seven Gables and Victor Herbert's Broadway musical, Babes in Toyland. Celebrity stars like Charlton Heston, Tor Johnson, Sterling Holloway, Elsa Lanchester, and Agnes Moorehead appeared in the series. The series was nominated for an Emmy Award in children's programming. It faced stiff competition from other networks, and left the air after two seasons.
Temple became active in the Republican Party in California. In 1967, she unsuccessfully ran for the United States House of Representatives. Temple was extensively involved with the Commonwealth Club of California, a public-affairs forum in San Francisco. She spoke at several of the meetings through the years and served as its president in 1984.
Temple was appointed Representative to the 24th United Nations General Assembly by President Richard M. Nixon (September – December 1969), and was appointed United States Ambassador to Ghana (December 6, 1974 – July 13, 1976) by President Gerald R. Ford. She was appointed first female Chief of Protocol of the United States (July 1, 1976 – January 21, 1977), and was in charge of arrangements for President Jimmy Carter's inauguration and inaugural ball. She served as the United States Ambassador to Czechoslovakia (August 23, 1989 – July 12, 1992), having been appointed by President George H. W. Bush.
Illness and deathEdit
Temple had breast cancer in the early 1970s and had a mastectomy. She died on February 10, 2014 from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease at her Woodside, California home, at the age of 85.
- "Official site" (Legend Films memorabilia and merchandise site authorized by Shirley Temple Black)
- Shirley Temple on IMDb
- Shirley Temple at the TCM Movie Database
- Female Frontiers QuestChat Archive: Shirley Temple Archived 2016-04-09 at the Wayback Machine and biography Archived 2008-07-06 at the Wayback Machine
- Shirley Temple movies for free download
- Shirley Temple Theatre Archived 2008-08-20 at the Wayback Machine
- Shirley Temple's Storybook Archived 2008-02-02 at the Wayback Machine
- Photographs of Shirley Temple
- ↑ "Hoover Institution Commonwealth Club Database". Archived from the original on 2014-03-06. Retrieved 2014-04-21.
- ↑ "In Memoriam: Shirley Temple Black - Commonwealth Club". www.commonwealthclub.org.
- ↑ Edwards 356
- ↑ Windeler 85
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 Edwards 357
- ↑ Windeler 105
- ↑ Thomas, Andy; Scheftel, Jeff 1996. Shirley Temple: the biggest little star: biography. A&E Television Networks. ISBN 0-7670-8495-0
- ↑ "Hollywood star Shirley Temple dies". BBC News. 11 February 2014.