Space Shuttle Challenger

American Space Shuttle orbiter

Space Shuttle Challenger (OV-099) was the second space shuttle used by NASA to fly into outer space. The shuttle broke up 73 seconds after take-off from Cape Canaveral on 28 January 1986.[1] All seven astronauts who were on it at the time were killed. The crash happened because a rubber tube called an o-ring did not expand to fill a gap in one of the booster rockets, due to cold weather.

The Challenger explodes during takeoff in 1986

The Challenger was named after a Royal Navy ship that explored the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans from 1872 to 1876. Challenger was also the name of the Apollo 17 Lunar Excursion Module.

Crew change

Challenger astronauts

Missions change

# Date Designation Launch pad Landing location Notes
1 04.April.1983 STS-6 39-A Edwards Air Force Base First Shuttle Space Walk
2 .18.June.1983 STS-7 39-A Edwards Air Force Base First U.S. Woman in Space
3 30. August.1983 STS-8 39-A Edwards Air Force Base First Night Launch and Landing
4 03. February.1984 STS-41-B 39-A Kennedy Space Center First KSC Landing
5 06.April.1984 STS-41-C 39-A Edwards Air Force Base First on-orbit spacecraft repair.
6 05.October.84 STS-41-G 39-A Kennedy Space Center Earth Radiation Budget Satellite, Office of Space and Terrestrial Applications-3.
7 29.April.1985 STS-51-B 39-A Edwards Air Force Base Spacelab-3
8 29. July.1985 STS-51-F 39-A Edwards Air Force Base Spacelab-2
9 30.October.1985 STS-61-A 39-A Edwards Air Force Base D-1 Spacelab Mission (First German Dedicated Spacelab)
10 28 January 1986 STS-51-L 39-B Did not land(Planned to land at Kennedy Space Center) TDRS-2; SPARTAN-203 Satellites. Shuttle destroyed after liftoff & all seven astronauts on board died.

References change

  1. "Space Today Online - Space Shuttle Stories". Retrieved 19 November 2010.