Space Shuttle Challenger
American Space Shuttle orbiter
Space Shuttle Challenger (OV-099) was the second space shuttle used by NASA to fly into outer space. The shuttle broke up 73 seconds after take-off from Cape Canaveral on 28 January 1986. All seven astronauts who were on it at the time were killed. The crash happened because a rubber tube called an o-ring did not expand to fill a gap in one of the booster rockets, due to cold weather.
The Challenger was named after a Royal Navy ship that explored the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans from 1872 to 1876. Challenger was also the name of the Apollo 17 Lunar Excursion Module.
- Francis "Dick" Scobee (46)
- Michael John Smith (40)
- Judith Resnik (36)
- Ellison Onizuka (39)
- Ronald McNair (35)
- Gregory Jarvis (41)
- Christa McAuliffe (37), first teacher in space
|#||Date||Designation||Launch pad||Landing location||Notes|
|1||04.April.1983||STS-6||39-A||Edwards Air Force Base||First Shuttle Space Walk|
|2||.18.June.1983||STS-7||39-A||Edwards Air Force Base||First U.S. Woman in Space|
|3||30. August.1983||STS-8||39-A||Edwards Air Force Base||First Night Launch and Landing|
|4||03. February.1984||STS-41-B||39-A||Kennedy Space Center||First KSC Landing|
|5||06.April.1984||STS-41-C||39-A||Edwards Air Force Base||First on-orbit spacecraft repair.|
|6||05.October.84||STS-41-G||39-A||Kennedy Space Center||Earth Radiation Budget Satellite, Office of Space and Terrestrial Applications-3.|
|7||29.April.1985||STS-51-B||39-A||Edwards Air Force Base||Spacelab-3|
|8||29. July.1985||STS-51-F||39-A||Edwards Air Force Base||Spacelab-2|
|9||30.October.1985||STS-61-A||39-A||Edwards Air Force Base||D-1 Spacelab Mission (First German Dedicated Spacelab)|
|10||28 January 1986||STS-51-L||39-B||Did not land(Planned to land at Kennedy Space Center)||TDRS-2; SPARTAN-203 Satellites. Shuttle destroyed after liftoff & all seven astronauts on board died.|
- ↑ "Space Today Online - Space Shuttle Stories". spacetoday.org. Retrieved 19 November 2010.