Sporocarp (fungi)

multicellular structure on which spore-producing structures (basidia or asci) are borne; part of the sexual phase of a fungal life cycle, with the rest of the life cycle being characterized by vegetative mycelial growth and asexual spore production

In fungi, the sporocarp (sometimes known at the fruiting body or the fruit body) is a multicellular structure on which spore-producing structures, such as basidia or asci, are borne.

The largest known fruiting body is the Fomitiporia ellipsoidea species, found on Hainan Island. The species can measure up to 1,085 centimetres (427 in) in length, and is estimated to weigh between 400 and 500 kilograms (880 and 1,100 lb).[1][2]

ReferencesEdit

  1. Cui, B.-K.; Dai, Y.-C. (2011). "Fomitiporia ellipsoidea has the largest fruiting body among the fungi". Fungal Biology. 115 (9): 813–814. doi:10.1016/j.funbio.2011.06.008.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  2. Walker, M. (1 August 2011). "Giant fungus discovered in China". Nature. BBC. Retrieved 2012-09-19.

BibliographyEdit

  • Zabowski, D.; Zasoski, R. J.; Littke, W.; Ammirati, J. (1990). "Metal content of fungal sporocarps from urban, rural, and sludge-treated sites". Journal of Environmental Quality. 19 (3): 372–377. doi:10.2134/jeq1990.00472425001900030004x.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)