Swiss National Park

national park in Switzerland

Swiss National Park is a protected area in Switzerland. It is located in the Eastern Alps of Switzerland. It is the country's only national park.[2] This park was founded on August 1, 1914, the national holiday of Switzerland. It is one of the oldest national parks in Europe.

Swiss National Parks
Parc Naziunal Svizzer
Swiss National Park within Graubünden
Nearest cityZernez
Coordinates46°40′N 10°12′E / 46.667°N 10.200°E / 46.667; 10.200
Area172.3 km2 (66.5 sq mi)
Established1 August 1914

It is part of the worldwide UNESCO Biosphere Reserve.[3]

The park covers an area of 174.2 square kilometers and is situated in the canton of Graubünden, near Zernez, S-chanf, Scuol, and the Fuorn Pass in the Engadin valley, close to the Italian border.

Swiss National Park is known for its strict rules. Visitors are not allowed to leave marked paths, start fires, or camp outside the mountain hut, called Chamanna Cluozza. Taking any items or disturbing the park's animals and plants is also prohibited. Dogs are not allowed, even on a leash.

A visitor centre is located in Zernez. The road through the park leads over the Fuorn Pass (or Ofenpass) to South Tyrol in Italy.

In addition to the Swiss National Park, Switzerland also has sixteen regional nature parks.[4]



  1. "Schweizerischer Nationalpark". Protected Planet. Retrieved 2018-12-30.
  2., <Christian Raaflaub>, (Translated from German by Kathleen Peters) (2014-02-21). "Pioneer nature park marks centenary". SWI Retrieved 2023-06-07.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  3. Parc Suisse Biosphere Reserve
  4. "Netzwerk Schweizer Pärke – Home". Retrieved 2023-06-07.