Sydney Opera House
The Sydney Opera House is an opera house and iconic building on the shores of Sydney Harbour, in Sydney, Australia. It is shaped like the sails of a boat. Many concerts and events take place there, with 2000 performances a year presented by Opera Australia, Australia's national opera company. It is a famous tourist attraction.
|Sydney Opera House|
|Type||Performing arts centre|
|Location||Bennelong Point, Sydney|
|Elevation||4 m (13 ft)|
|Groundbreaking||1 March 1959|
|Construction started||1 March 1959|
|Opened||20 October 1973|
|Inaugurated||20 October 1973|
|Cost||A$102 million, equivalent to ~A$927 million in 2016|
|Height||65 m (213 ft)|
|Structural system||Concrete frame & precast concrete ribbed roof|
|Design and construction|
|Structural engineer||Ove Arup & Partners|
|Main contractor||Civil & Civic (level 1), M.R. Hornibrook (level 2 and 3 and interiors)|
|Designated||2007 (31st session)|
|Criteria||a, b, e, f, g, h|
|Designated||12 July 2005|
|Criteria||a, b, c, d, e, f, g|
|Designated||3 December 2003|
The land where the Sydney Opera House stands is called Bennelong Point. Bennelong Point was once home to Fort Macquarie (the fort was built in 1817 and knocked down in 1901). On 10 August 1902, the Fort Macquarie Tram Depot was opened at Bennelong Point. The depot was knocked down in 1958. The Sydney Opera House was built on the same spot and the work began in 1959.
It was designed by Danish architect Jørn Utzon. He won a design competition in 1957. Utzon left the project in February 1966 because the government was not paying his invoices. The building finally opened on 20 October in 1973. The project was completed ten years later and cost more than fourteen times the original budget. In 2001, Utzon was invited back to restore the building and change it back towards his original designs.
Media related to Sydney Opera House at Wikimedia Commons