A term is a mathematical expression.
- 3 + 4x + 5yzw
3, 4x, and 5yzw are three separate terms.
- 3x + 2x2 + 5x + 1 = 2x2 + (3+5)x + 1 = 2x2 + 8x + 1, with like terms collected.
In general mathematical use, however, term is not limited to additive expressions. Individual factors in an expression representing a product are multiplicative terms. Indeed, individual elements of any mathematical expression may be referred to as "terms".
In logic, a term is a collection of symbols used to represent a mathematical object (rather than a mathematical statement). A basic term is either a constant or a variable, while more complex terms can also be built using operators (such as the term ). To refer to a term, variables such as and are often used.
Specific names for termsEdit
- Addition and Subtraction
- Factor. In a multiplication of two factors, the first is called the multiplicand and the second is called the multiplier.
- Divisions and Fractions
- The top of a division is called the numerator (or dividend), and the bottom is called the denominator (or divisor).
- Term Value
- The value of the term such as the term value of 8a, if a=1, is 8.
- "Comprehensive List of Logic Symbols". Math Vault. 2020-04-06. Retrieved 2020-10-09.
- "Term | logic". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2020-10-09.
- Schwartzman, Steven (1994). The words of mathematics: An etymological dictionary of mathematical terms used in English. The Mathematical Association of America. pp. 219. ISBN 0-88385-511-9.