Territorial collectivity

French public person using its competences autonomously over a particular territory: commune, department, region, overseas collectivity, or territorial collectivity with specific status

A Territorial collectivity (French: collectivité territoriale or sometimes called collectivité locale) in the France, is a name for all dependent areas. They have an elected local government and (per article #72 of the French constitution) a "certain freedom of administration". In 2018 Corsica became the first collectivité territoriale in metropolitan France followed in 2021 by the European Collectivity of Alsace.