Test cricket is the longest and oldest type of international cricket. The first officially recognized Test match took place on 15–19 March 1877 and was played between England and Australia at the Melbourne Cricket Ground, where Australia won by 45 runs.
The early test matches were played by England against other sides in the British Empire. First test matches took place in these years:
Test matches are a series of 5-day matches. Each team's two innings' scores are added to find the total runs. The team with more runs wins the match.
- "A brief history of cricket". Cricinfo. Retrieved 2018-01-28.