The Tocharian languages were a branch of the Indo-European languages. They are now extinct. They were spoken on the northern side of the Tarim Basin (now in Xinjiang, China). Writing was found from around the 5th century to the 8th century AD. There were three known languages in the branch, named A, B and C.
Tocharian B manuscript, c. 7th century AD
|Native to||Agni, Kucha, Turfan and Krorän|
|Extinct||9th century AD|
xto – Tocharian A
txb – Tocharian B
- Mallory, J.P. (2010). "Bronze Age languages of the Tarim Basin" (PDF). Expedition. 52 (3): 44–53.
- Krause, Todd B.; Slocum, Jonathan. "Tocharian Online: Series Introduction". University of Texas at Austin. Retrieved 17 April 2020.
- Mallory, J.P.; Adams, Douglas Q., eds. (1997). Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture. London: Fitzroy Dearborn. p. 509. ISBN 978-1-884964-98-5.
- Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Tokharian". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
- Adams, Douglas Q. "'Tocharian C' Again: The Plot Thickens and the Mystery Deepens". Language Log. Retrieved 25 September 2019.