Treaty of Rawalpindi

peace treaty of the 1919 Anglo-Afghan War

The Anglo-Afghan Treaty of 1919,[1][2] also known as the Treaty of Rawalpindi, was a treaty which brought the Third Anglo-Afghan War to an end.[3] It was signed on 8 August 1919 in Rawalpindi by Great Britain and Afghanistan. Britain recognised Afghanistan's independence (as per Article 5 of the treaty), agreed that British India would not extend past the Khyber Pass and stopped British subsidies to Afghanistan. Afghanistan also accepted all previously agreed border arrangements with British India as per Article 5 of the Anglo-Afghan treaty of 1919.[4][5][6][7][3] Thus, Afghanistan as an independent country agreed to recognise Durand Line as international border between the two countries.[4][5][7][8]

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  1. Adamec, Ludwig W. (2011). Historical Dictionary of Afghanistan. Scarecrow Press. p. 49. ISBN 978-0-8108-7957-7. Retrieved 2012-06-26.[permanent dead link]
  2. N. A. Khalfin, "Anglo-Afghan Treaties and Agreements of the 19th and 20th Centuries" Retrieved 26 June 2012.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Third Afghan War (1919)". National Army Museum. Archived from the original on 2012-06-08. Retrieved 2012-06-26.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Arwin Rahi. "Why the Durand Line Matters". The Diplomat.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Tom Lansford (16 February 2017). Afghanistan at War: From the 18th-Century Durrani Dynasty to the 21st Century. ABC CLIO. p. 146. ISBN 9781598847604.
  6. "FOREIGN RELATIONS OF THE UNITED STATES, 1952–1954, AFRICA AND SOUTH ASIA, VOLUME XI, PART 2". Office of the Historian. Retrieved 20 March 2020.
  7. 7.0 7.1 "Naming the line". The News. 13 September 2017.
  8. M.D. Hamid Hadi (24 March 2016). Afghanistan's Experiences: The History of the Most Horrifying Events Involving Politics, Religion, and Terrorism. ISBN 9781524600068.