Trolleybus

electric bus reliant on overhead wires
(Redirected from Trolleybuses)

A trolleybus (also known as trolley bus, trolley coach, trackless trolley, trackless tram or simply trolley) is a bus which runs on electricity. It gets its power for the electric motors that drive the wheels from a pair of power lines above the street.

Electromote in Berlin, 1882
A Polish Solaris trolleybus in Landskrona, Sweden
An Ikarus trolleybus
Trolleybus networks around the world:      Trolleybus networks in operation, including bus rapid transit networks      Trolleybus networks in operation, without bus rapid transit networks      Trolleybus networks planned (as new or reconstruction)      Countries that had trolleybus networks      Countries that never had trolleybus networks

On the roof of the bus are two "trolley poles" from which electric current flows between the wires and the bus. One wire is for the positive current and the other is for the negative (return) current.

Because trolleybuses do not usually have engines which burn diesel or other fossil fuels, they are much cleaner and quieter than "normal" buses. They also do not use tracks, so they are more flexible than trams. But as these buses often cannot run without power from the wires, their range is still limited compared to ordinary buses.

Trolleybuses cost more money to make than other types of buses, so there are not many companies that build this type of bus. Some of these companies are: