Ubayd Allah al-Mahdi Billah

founder of the Fatimid Caliphate (873-934)

Ubayd Allah al-Mahdi Billah a.k.a Said ibn Husayn (Arabic: عبيد الله بن الحسين المهدي) is considered the founder of the Fatimid dynasty, the only major Shi'ite caliphate in Islam. He established Fatimid rule throughout much of North Africa. He ruled from 909 to 934.

After establishing himself as the first Imam of the Fatimid dynasty he made claim to genealogic origins dating as far back as Fatimah, the daughter of the Prophet of Islam, Muhammad, through Husayn, Fatimah's son, and Ismail. It was at this time as well that he changed his name to Ubaydallah Al-Mahdi.

Links and referencesEdit

  • Hitti, Philip K. (1970). "A Shi'ite Caliphate in Egypt: The Fatimids". History of The Arabs. Palgrave Macmillan. pp. pp. 617–619. ISBN 0-06-106583-8. |pages= has extra text (help)
  • Imam al-Mahdi, the 11th Fatimi Imam. Archived 2006-02-10 at the Wayback Machine
  • Institute of Ismaili Studies London. Archived 2007-04-26 at the Wayback Machine
Preceded by
Fatimid Caliph
Succeeded by
Muhammad al-Qaim Bi-Amrillah