2017 United Kingdom general election
A general election was held on the 8 June 2017 to elect all 650 members of the House of Commons of the United Kingdom. It ended in a hung parliament, with the Conservative Party winning the most seats. They had a confidence-and-supply agreement with the Democratic Unionist Party so they would pass a vote of no confidence. Theresa May stayed as prime minister.
All 650 seats in the House of Commons
326[n 1] seats needed for a majority
Labour won a lot of seats from the Conservatives. This was the first time Labour had gained seats since 1997. The election happened because Parliament voted for a snap election after the 2016 Brexit referendum.
|Liberal Democrats||Tim Farron||8|
|Sinn Féin||Gerry Adams|
|Green||Caroline Lucas and Jonathan Bartley||1|
The next general election was due to be held on 8 May 2020. Theresa May announced on 18 April 2017 that she wanted it to be held on 8 June . The House of Commons voted in favour of this proposal on 19 April 2017 allowing the election to take place in June 2017.
BBC News, ITV and Sky News all released an exit poll at 10pm. This poll predicted the Conservatives would be the largest party but lose their majority. Exit poll results:
- Conservative Party - 314
- Labour Party - 266
- Scottish National Party - 34
- Liberal Democrats - 14
- Plaid Cymru - 3
- Green Party - 1
- UK Independence Party - 0
- Others - 18
The final results were very similar to the exit poll.
- Conservative Party - 317 (down 13 seats)
- Labour Party - 262 (up 30 seats)
- Scottish National Party - 35 (down 21 seats)
- Liberal Democrats - 12 (up 4 seats)
- Plaid Cymru - 3 (no change)
- Green Party - 1 (no change)
- United Kingdom Independence Party - 0 (down 1 seat)
- Others - 18
When the election was called the Conservative Party had a big lead in the polls and they were expected to win by a landslide. As the campaign went on the Labour Party closed the gap in the polls and the Conservatives lost their majority in the House of Commons.
- Given that Sinn Féin MPs do not take their seats and the Speaker and deputies do not vote, the number of MPs needed for a majority is, in practice, slightly lower. Sinn Féin won 7 seats, meaning a practical majority requires at least 320 MPs.
- Nicola Sturgeon sits as an MSP in the Scottish Parliament for Glasgow Southside. Before the election, the SNP delegation to the House of Commons had been led by Angus Robertson, MP for Moray, who lost his seat. Ian Blackford, MP for Ross, Skye and Lochaber, succeeded him.
- Gerry Adams sits as a TD in Dáil Éireann (lower house of the Irish Parliament) for Louth. The leader of the party in Northern Ireland, Michelle O'Neill, sits as an MLA in the Northern Ireland Assembly for Mid Ulster
- Sinn Féin MP's abstain from taking their seats in the British House of Commons.
- Arlene Foster sits as an MLA in the Northern Ireland Assembly for Fermanagh and South Tyrone. The party's leader in the Commons is Nigel Dodds, the MP for Belfast North
- "General Election 2017: full results and analysis". UK Parliament. Retrieved 24 June 2017.
- "Confidence and Supply Agreement between the Conservative Party and the DUP" (PDF). assets.publishing.service.gov.uk.
- McAuley, James (9 June 2017). "After shocking British vote result, Europe ponders fate of Brexit negotiations". Washington Post. Retrieved 29 December 2019.
- "Theresa May seeks general election". BBC News. 18 April 2017. Retrieved 18 April 2017.
- "UK election 2017: Conservatives 'to fall short of majority'". bbc.com. BBC. Retrieved 9 June 2017.