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Vaginal tumors are tumors that can be found in the vagina. A tumor in the vagina can be cancer (malignant) but not all tumors in the vagina are cancer. Tumors that are not cancer are called benign tumors.[1][a] Tumors have many different names. Another name for a tumor is neoplasm. A neoplasm is too much growth of tissue that forms a lump.[2][3][4] If cancer is found in the vagina it most often has spread there from other places in the body. Cancer found in the vagina may have come from the bladder, stomach and intestines.[5][6]

A tumor in the vagina can be solid or filled with fluid (or both).[7]

Vaginal cancer is rare. It is an overgrowth of tissue in the vagina.[8][6][9] Some benign tumors may turn into cancer.[10][11][3]

A vaginal tumor can cause bleeding, pain with sex and feelings of pressure.[12] A tumor in the vagina is often found during a check up and pelvic exam. Doctors may order more tests like an ultrasound, CAT scan and MRI. Doctors will look at a piece of the tumor under a microscope to see what kind of tumor that it is.[13][14][15]

Contents

Benign vaginal tumorsEdit

 
A yolk sac tumor image through a microscope.
 
A cancer tumor through a microscope.
 
A fibroepithelial polyp through a microscope.

Malignant/cancerous vaginal tumorsEdit

Other animalsEdit

Vaginal tumors also can be found in some animals:

  • Sarcoma botryoides
  • Squamous cell carcinoma
  • Condyloma acuminatum
  • Squamous intraepithelial neoplasia
  • Fibroepithelial polyp
  • Clear-cell adenocarcinoma
  • Squamous papilloma
  • Leiomyoma
  • Blue nevus
  • Malignant melanoma
  • Primitive neuroectodermal tumor
  • Yolk sac tumor[36]

Related pagesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. There are four main groups of vaginal neoplasms: benign neoplasms, in situ neoplasms, malignant neoplasms, and neoplasms of uncertain or unknown behavior. Malignant neoplasms are also simply known as cancers. Tumor (American English) or tumour (British English), Latin for swelling, one of the cardinal signs of inflammation, originally meant any form of swelling, neoplastic or not. Current English, however, both medical and non-medical, uses tumor as a synonym for a neoplasm (a solid or fluid-filled cystic lesion that may or may not be formed by an abnormal growth of neoplastic cells) that appears enlarged in size.Some neoplasms do not form a tumor; these include leukemia and most forms of carcinoma in situ. Tumor is also not synonymous with cancer. While cancer is by definition malignant, a tumor can be benign, precancerous, or malignant

ReferencesEdit

  1. "NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms - Benign". National Cancer Institute. Retrieved 2018-03-13.
  2. "NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms - Tumor". National Cancer Institute. Retrieved 2018-03-13.
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  4. "NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms - Neoplasm". National Cancer Institute. Retrieved 2018-03-13.
  5. "NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms - Metastasis". National Cancer Institute. Retrieved 2018-03-13.
  6. 6.0 6.1 "NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms - Sarcoma". National Cancer Institute. Retrieved 2018-03-13.
  7. "What Are Tumors?". pathology.jhu.edu. Retrieved 2018-03-13.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 "Benign Neoplasms of the Vagina | GLOWM". www.glowm.com. Retrieved 2018-03-01.
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 9.4 Dey, Pranab (2017-02-06). Essentials of Gynecologic Pathology. JP Medical Ltd. pp. 41–48. ISBN 9789386261205.
  10. Taylor, Elizabeth J. (2000). Dorland's Illustrated medical dictionary (29th ed.). Philadelphia: Saunders. p. 1184. ISBN 0721662544.
  11. Cooper GM (1992). Elements of human cancer. Boston: Jones and Bartlett Publishers. p. 16. ISBN 978-0-86720-191-8.
  12. "Vaginal Bleeding - Gynecology and Obstetrics - Merck Manuals Professional Edition". Merck Manuals Professional Edition. Retrieved 2018-03-02.
  13. 13.0 13.1 Shobeiri, S. Abbas; Rostaminia, Ghazaleh; White, Dena; Quiroz, Lieschen H.; Nihira, Mikio A. (2013-08-01). "Evaluation of Vaginal Cysts and Masses by 3-Dimensional Endovaginal and Endoanal Sonography" (in en). Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine 32 (8): 1499–1507. doi:10.7863/ultra.32.8.1499. ISSN 1550-9613. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.7863/ultra.32.8.1499/abstract. 
  14. Hamm, Bernd; Forstner, Rosemarie (2007-01-19). MRI and CT of the Female Pelvis. Springer Science & Business Media. ISBN 9783540682127.
  15. Nelson, Philippa (2018-01-23). "Endometriosis presenting as a vaginal mass" (in en). BMJ Case Reports 2018: bcr–2017–222431. doi:10.1136/bcr-2017-222431. ISSN 1757-790X. PMID 29367370. http://casereports.bmj.com/content/2018/bcr-2017-222431. 
  16. This tumor may look like cancer.
  17. 17.00 17.01 17.02 17.03 17.04 17.05 17.06 17.07 17.08 17.09 17.10 17.11 17.12 17.13 17.14 17.15 17.16 Humphrey, Peter A.; Dehner, Louis P.; Pfeifer, John D. (22 February 2018). "The Washington Manual of Surgical Pathology". Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Retrieved 22 February 2018 – via Google Books.
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  26. Baldini EH, Demetri GD, Fletcher CD, Foran J, Marcus KC, Singer S (July 1999). "Adults with Ewing's sarcoma/primitive neuroectodermal tumor: adverse effect of older age and primary extraosseous disease on outcome". Annals of Surgery 230 (1): 79–86. PMC 1420848. PMID 10400040. 
  27. Kalampokas E, Kalampokas T, Damaskos C (January 2017). "Primary Vaginal Melanoma, A Rare and Aggressive Entity. A Case Report and Review of the Literature". In Vivo 31 (1): 133–139. doi:10.21873/invivo.11036. PMID 28064232. http://iv.iiarjournals.org/content/31/1/133. 
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  35. Rekhi B, Bapat P, Shetty O (December 2017). "A Rare Case of a Vaginal Solitary Fibrous Tumor, Presenting as a Cystic Mass, Showing NAB2ex4-STAT6ex2 Fusion and STAT6 Immunostaining". International Journal of Gynecological Pathology. doi:10.1097/PGP.0000000000000479. PMID 29257041. 
  36. Baba, Alecsandru Ioan; Câtoi, Cornel (22 February 2018). "FEMALE GENITAL TRACT TUMORS". The Publishing House of the Romanian Academy. Retrieved 22 February 2018 – via www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov.

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