protohistoric chieftain of the Arverni tribe, defeated by Julius Caesar during the Gallic wars
Vercingetorix (wɜːkɪŋˈɛtoɹɪks in Gaulish) born c.82 BC, died 46 BC. was a chieftain of the Gallic tribe of the Arverni.
He led the Gauls in 52 BC against the Roman army in Gaul led by Julius Caesar. Vercingetorix's name in Gaulish means "over-king of the marching men"; the "marching men" would now be called "infantry".
Vercingetorix was probably one of the first to unite some tribes of Gaul against a common enemy. This was the last major uprising of the peoples of Gaul against the Roman invaders.
After the celebration of Caesar's triumph was over, Vercingetorix was executed.