Voyager 2

space probe launched by NASA to study the outer Solar System, second furthest spacecraft from earth after Voyager 1

Voyager 2 is a space probe used by NASA to explore Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune. It's the only spacecraft that has come near to Uranus and Neptune. Because of this, a majority of pictures we see of these two ice planets came from this spacecraft. It was identical in form to its sister space probe, Voyager 1. The space probe is currently moving away from the solar system, and is heading out into interstellar space.

Voyager 2
Model of a small-bodied spacecraft with a large, central dish and many arms and antennas extending from it
Model of the Voyager spacecraft design
Mission typePlanetary exploration
OperatorNASA / JPL[1]
COSPAR ID1977-076A[2]
SATCAT no.10271[3]
Mission duration44 years, 9 months and 22 days elapsed
Planetary mission: 12 years, 1 month, 12 days
Interstellar mission: 32 years, 8 months and 9 days elapsed (continuing)
Spacecraft properties
ManufacturerJet Propulsion Laboratory
Launch mass825.5 kilograms (1,820 lb)
Power470 watts (at launch)
Start of mission
Launch dateAugust 20, 1977, 14:29:00 (1977-08-20UTC14:29Z) UTC
RocketTitan IIIE
Launch siteCape Canaveral LC-41
Flyby of Jupiter
Closest approachJuly 9, 1979, 22:29:00 UTC
Distance570,000 kilometers (350,000 mi)
Flyby of Saturn
Closest approachAugust 26, 1981, 03:24:05 UTC
Distance101,000 km (63,000 mi)
Flyby of Uranus
Closest approachJanuary 24, 1986, 17:59:47 UTC
Distance81,500 km (50,600 mi)
Flyby of Neptune
Closest approachAugust 25, 1989, 03:56:36 UTC
Distance4,951 km (3,076 mi)

Voyager 2 was launched on August 20, 1977.

Both Voyager 1 and Voyager 2 include the Voyager Golden Record, which is a recording of sounds and images of life on Earth. It was designed by a team headed by Carl Sagan to communicate with extraterrestrial life.

Voyager 2 is the second spacecraft, which was able to exit from the solar system and enter into the interstellar space, 6 years after Voyager 1. In 2018, NASA announced that Voyager 2 had reached the heliopause on 5 November of that year.[4] Voyager 2 is very soon going to be the 2-nd farthest spacecraft from the Earth, when it'll pass one of 5 space probes, which is going to exit from the solar system, which is Pioneer 10. Pioneer 10 was a NASA space probe which was the first spacecraft to exit the outer solar system on June 13, 1983, when it passed the Neptune's orbit. Pioneer 10 is going to be passed by Voyager 2 around April 2023 at around 12.4 billion miles (133.5 AU) from the Sun, while it was passed by Voyager 1 on February 17, 1998 at 6.5 billion miles (70 AU) from the Sun.

Related pagesEdit


  1. "VOYAGER:Mission Information". NASA. 1989. Archived from the original on February 20, 2017. Retrieved January 2, 2011.
  2. "Voyager 2". US National Space Science Data Center. Archived from the original on March 20, 2009. Retrieved August 25, 2013.
  3. "VOYAGER 2". N2YO. Retrieved August 25, 2013.
  4. "NASA's Voyager 2 Probe Enters Interstellar Space". NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory. 10 December 2018. Archived from the original on 14 December 2018. Retrieved 14 December 2018.

Other websitesEdit