Voyager 2 is a spacecraft used by NASA to explore Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune. It is the only spacecraft that has come near to Uranus and Neptune. Because of this, a majority of pictures we see of these two ice planets came from this spacecraft. It was identical in form to its sister ship, Voyager 1. The probe is currently moving away from the solar system, and is heading out into interstellar space.
Model of the Voyager spacecraft design
|Mission type||Planetary exploration|
|Operator||NASA / JPL|
|Mission duration||43 years, 4 months and 30 days elapsed|
Planetary mission: 12 years, 1 month, 12 days
Interstellar mission: 31 years, 3 months and 17 days elapsed (continuing)
|Manufacturer||Jet Propulsion Laboratory|
|Launch mass||825.5 kilograms (1,820 lb)|
|Power||470 watts (at launch)|
|Start of mission|
|Launch date||August 20, 1977, 14:29:00UTC|
|Launch site||Cape Canaveral LC-41|
|Flyby of Jupiter|
|Closest approach||July 9, 1979, 22:29:00 UTC|
|Distance||570,000 kilometers (350,000 mi)|
|Flyby of Saturn|
|Closest approach||August 26, 1981, 03:24:05 UTC|
|Distance||101,000 km (63,000 mi)|
|Flyby of Uranus|
|Closest approach||January 24, 1986, 17:59:47 UTC|
|Distance||81,500 km (50,600 mi)|
|Flyby of Neptune|
|Closest approach||August 25, 1989, 03:56:36 UTC|
|Distance||4,951 km (3,076 mi)|
Voyager 2 was launched on August 20, 1977.
Both Voyager 1 and Voyager 2 include the Voyager Golden Record, which is a recording of sounds and images of life on Earth. It was designed by a team headed by Carl Sagan to communicate with extraterrestrial life.
- "VOYAGER:Mission Information". NASA. 1989. Retrieved January 2, 2011.
- "Voyager 2". US National Space Science Data Center. Archived from the original on March 20, 2009. Retrieved August 25, 2013.
- "VOYAGER 2". N2YO. Retrieved August 25, 2013.
- "NASA's Voyager 2 Probe Enters Interstellar Space". NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory. 10 December 2018. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
- NASA Voyager website
- Voyager Spacecraft Lifetime
- Voyager 2 Mission Profile Archived 2007-08-01 at the Wayback Machine by NASA's Solar System Exploration
- Spacecraft Escaping the Solar System Archived 2007-04-27 at the Wayback Machine - current positions and diagrams
- Mission state
- VOYAGER RECENT 6-HOUR HISTORY Archived 2007-06-18 at the Wayback Machine
- Voyager 2 Detects Odd Shape of Solar System's Edge 23 May 2006