Vulnerable species

IUCN conservation category

A vulnerable species is a species of animals or plants which are threatened with extinction unless something changes. Something has to be done to remove the things that are harmful to their survival, and their rate of reproduction needs to increase.

Conservation status
Bufo periglenes, the Golden Toad, was last recorded on May 15, 1989
Lower Risk

Other categories

Related topics

IUCN Red List category abbreviations (version 3.1, 2001)
Comparison of Red list classes above
and NatureServe status below
NatureServe category abbreviations

A vulnerable species is one which has been categorised by the International Union for Conservation of Nature. There are now 4728 animals and 4914 plants listed as vulnerable on the IUCN Red List.[1]



Vulnerable species of mammals include:

Vulnerable species of birds include:


  1. IUCN (2012). "IUCN Red List version 2012.2: Table 2: Changes in numbers of species in the threatened categories (CR, EX, VU) from 1996 to 2012 (IUCN Red List version 2012.2) for the major taxonomic groups on the Red List" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-01-27. Retrieved 2012-12-31.