Washing machine

machine which washes clothes automatically

A washing machine is a machine that washes dirty clothes. It contains a barrel into which the clothes are placed. This barrel is filled with water, and then rotated very quickly by the use of a motor to make the water remove dirt from the clothes. The user adds detergent (liquids or powders) to clean clothes more effectively.

A front-loading washing machine.


Washing machines have ways to control how the machine operates. Some of the possible controls are:

  • temperature of the water
  • time of the wash cycle (before the soapy, dirty water is rinsed out)
  • number of wash cycles before completing

Types of washing machinesEdit

Washing machines may be fully automatic or partly automatic.

Semi-Automatic Washing MachinesEdit

Semi-automatic washing machines have separate sections for Dryer and Washer. These washing machines are often termed as semi-manual as here you have to manually put clothes into washer tub, put water & detergent according to your laundry size, and once washing is finished, you again have to manually put washed clothes for drying in dryer section. These are mostly cheaper machines.

Fully-Automatic Washing MachinesEdit

Fully-automatic washing machines are easier to use. They have only one section for washing and for spin-drying. Once you put clothes in a fully-automatic washing machine, it automatically takes required quantity of water, detergent and just with one click provided your washed & dry clothes.

Washing machines may load from the top or the front.

A top loading washing machine.

Front loadingEdit

A front loading washing machine has a door in the front. The clothes to be washed have to be put in and the door closed before the barrel can fill with water. This type of machine can have a clothes drying machine stacked on top to save space on the floor. Because of the water used, the washing machine is heavier than the dryer so the washer is at the bottom.

An example of a stacked arrangement: a top loading washing machine and clothes dryer.

Top loadingEdit

With a top loading washing machine, the opening is at the top. The barrel can be filled with water and soap before the clothes are put in for washing. This type of machine can not have anything placed on top of it because of the opening there.

Stacked washer and dryerEdit

Sometimes a washing machine and a clothes dryer are put together. The washing machine is usually on the bottom of the stack because the water in it makes the machine heavier than the dryer. In this arrangement the washing machine may be front-loading or top-loading. For the top-loading washing machine, room must be left to open the door at the top to add the clothing to be washed. A front-loading washing machine can have the dryer sitting on top of it.

Other websitesEdit

  Media related to Washing machines at Wikimedia Commons