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İsmet İnönü

Turkish general and statesman

Mustafa İsmet İnönü (24 September 1884 – 25 December 1973) was a Turkish politician and military officer, who was the first Prime Minister and second President of Turkey. In 1938, Republican People's Party gave him "National Chief" title.

His Excellency
Millî Şef

İsmet İnönü
Inonu Ismet.jpg
2nd President of Turkey
In office
11 November 1938 – 27 May 1950
Prime MinisterCelal Bayar
Refik Saydam
Ahmet Fikri Tüzer
Şükrü Saracoğlu
Recep Peker
Hasan Saka
Şemsettin Günaltay
Preceded byMustafa Kemal Atatürk
Succeeded byCelal Bayar
1st Prime Minister of Turkey
In office
20 November 1961 – 20 February 1965
PresidentCemal Gürsel
Preceded byEmin Fahrettin Özdilek
Succeeded bySuat Hayri Ürgüplü
In office
4 March 1925 – 25 October 1937
PresidentMustafa Kemal Atatürk
Preceded byAli Fethi Okyar
Succeeded byCelal Bayar
In office
30 October 1923 – 22 November 1924
PresidentMustafa Kemal Atatürk
Preceded byAli Fethi Okyar (as Prime Minister of the Government of the Grand National Assembly)
Succeeded byAli Fethi Okyar
2nd Leader of the Republican People's Party
In office
10 November 1938 – 8 May 1972
Preceded byMustafa Kemal Atatürk
Succeeded byBülent Ecevit
Chief of the General Staff of Turkey
In office
20 May 1920 – 3 August 1921
Preceded byOffice established
Succeeded byFevzi Çakmak
Minister of Foreign Affairs of Turkey
In office
26 October 1922 – 21 November 1924
Prime MinisterRauf Orbay
Ali Fethi Okyar
Preceded byYusuf Kemal Tengirşenk
Succeeded byŞükrü Kaya
Member of the Grand National Assembly
In office
15 October 1961 – 20 November 1972
ConstituencyMalatya (1961, 1965, 1969)
In office
14 May 1950 – 27 May 1960
ConstituencyMalatya (1950, 1954, 1957)
In office
28 June 1923 – 10 November 1938
ConstituencyEdirne (1923, 1927, 1931, 1935)
Personal details
Born
Mustafa İsmet

(1884-09-24)24 September 1884
İzmir, Aidin Vilayet, Ottoman Empire
Died25 December 1973(1973-12-25) (aged 89)
Ankara, Turkey
Cause of deathHeart attack
Resting placeAnıtkabir, Ankara
NationalityTurkish
Political partyRepublican People's Party
Spouse(s)Mevhibe İnönü
Children4, including Erdal İnönü
Signature
Military service
Allegiance Ottoman Empire (1903–1920)
 Turkey (1920–1926)
Branch/service Turkish Land Forces
RankOrgeneral
Battles/warsWorld War I
Turkish War of Independence

İsmet İnönü was by the standards of his time a highly educated man, speaking Arabic, English, French and German in addition to his native Turkish. His resting place is in Anıtkabir with Mustafa Kemal Atatürk. He was close friend of Atatürk.

Photograph galleryEdit

Other websitesEdit

  Media related to İsmet İnönü at Wikimedia Commons