|Discovered by||John Russell Hind|
|Discovery date||May 19, 1851|
|Epoch July 14, 2004 (JD 2453200.5)|
|Aphelion||451.858 Gm (3.020 AU)|
|Perihelion||321.602 Gm (2.150 AU)|
|386.730 Gm (2.585 AU)|
|1518.176 d (4.16 a)|
Average orbital speed
|Dimensions||181.8 km |
|Mass||6.3×1018 kg [reference needed]|
|2 ? g/cm³|
|S-type asteroid |
|8.84 to 12.25|
|0.17" to 0.052"|
14 Irene was found by J. R. Hind on May 19, 1851, and named after Eirene, a personification of peace in Greek mythology. She was one of the Horae, daughter of Zeus and Themis. The name was suggested by Sir John Herschel. Hind wrote,
- "You will readily discover that this name [...] has some relation to this event (the Great Industrial Exhibition) which is now filling our metropolis [London] with the talent of all civilised nations, with those of Peace, the productions of Art and Science, in which all mankind must feel an interest."
Hind suggested that the symbol for the asteroid should be "A dove carrying an olive-branch, with a star on its head", but an actual drawing of the symbol was never made before the use of graphical symbols to represent asteroids was no longer used.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-01-17. Retrieved 2007-12-18.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2006-06-14. Retrieved 2007-12-18.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
- Hind, John Russell (1852). "From a Letter of Mr. Hind to the Editor". Astron. J. 2: 22–23.
- "When did the asteroids become minor planets?". Archived from the original on 2010-01-18. Retrieved 2007-12-18.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)