1890 United States Census

11th national census of the United States, taken on June 2, 1890; first to use tabulating machine

The Eleventh United States Census was taken June 2, 1890. The total population was found to be 62,947,714.[1] Most of the 1890 census materials were destroyed in a 1921 fire.

The data was tabulated by machine for the first time. Herman Hollerith invented this way of tabulating data. This technology made the time to tabulate the census change from eight years for the 1880 census to one year for the 1890 census.

It showed a total of 248,253 Native Americans living in America, down from 400,764 Native Americans in the 1850 census.[2]

The 1890 census said that the frontier part of the United States no longer existed,[3]


  1. "Population and Area (Historical Censuses)" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on June 24, 2008. Retrieved June 20, 2008.
  2. Dippie, Brian W. (1982). The Vanishing American: White Attitudes and U.S. Indian Policy. Middleton, CT: Wesleyan University Press. p. ??. ISBN 0-8195-5056-6.
  3. Porter, Robert; Gannett, Henry; Hunt, William (1895). "Progress of the Nation", in "Report on Population of the United States at the Eleventh Census: 1890, Part 1". Bureau of the Census. pp. xviii–xxxiv.