The Gherkin

skyscraper in London, England
(Redirected from 30 St Mary Axe)

30 St Mary Axe is a skyscraper in London's financial district, the City of London. It was formerly named the Swiss Re Building, after Swiss Reinsurance Company. The tower is also known as "The Gherkin". The building was finished in December 2003. It was opened at the end of May 2004.[2] Swiss Re Tower has 41 floors. The tower is 180 metres (591 ft) tall.[1] It is on the site of the former Baltic Exchange, which was badly damaged in 1992 by the explosion of a bomb by the Provisional IRA.[2][3]

30 St Mary Axe
30 St Mary Axe, with St Andrew Undershaft in the foreground, pictured from Leadenhall Street
General information
LocationSt. Mary Axe
London, United Kingdom
Coordinates51°30′52″N 00°04′49″W / 51.51444°N 0.08028°W / 51.51444; -0.08028
Construction started2001
Roof180 metres (591 ft)
Technical details
Floor count41
Floor area47,950 square metres (516,100 sq ft)
Design and construction
ArchitectFoster and Partners
Structural engineerArup
Main contractorSkanska
30 St Mary Axe at Emproris

30 St Mary Axe was designed by Norman Foster and Arup engineers.[4] It was built by Skanska in 2001–2003.[1]

The building has become an iconic symbol of London. It is one of the city's most well known examples of modern architecture.[5]

Night view


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "30 St Mary Axe, London". Skanska. Archived from the original on 2010-02-04. Retrieved 2010-02-04.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "30 St Mary Axe". Emporis. Retrieved 2010-02-04.
  3. "1993: IRA bomb devastates City of London". BBC News. 24 April 1993. Archived from the original on 27 April 2009. Retrieved 2010-02-02.
  4. "30 St Mary Axe (The Gherkin)". Arup. Archived from the original on 18 February 2010. Retrieved 2010-02-04.
  5. "30 St. Mary Axe | modern architecture london". Archived from the original on 2012-11-16. Retrieved 2012-11-03.