|President of Ecuador|
17 October 1933 – 31 Augusts 1934
|Preceded by||Juan de Dios Martínez|
|Succeeded by||José María Velasco Ibarra|
|Political party||Ecuadorian Radical Liberal Party|
Montalvo became president when his predecessor Juan de Dios Martínez Mera was elected President but faced a congress not willing to deal with him. The congress asked Martínez Mera twice to resign, but he refused. The congress then censored the ministers chosen by Martínez Mera, one of which was Abelardo Montalvo. Martínez proceeded to select some new ministers to outmaneuver the congress.
The Chamber of Deputies then accused Martínez Mera of attempting to overthrow the government and institute a dictatorship. The Senate subsequently impeached Martínez and named his Minister of Interior, Abelardo Montalvo, acting president. Montalvo stayed on as acting president until José María Velasco Ibarra was elected.
- Presidential Succession in Ecuador 1830-1970 by Georg Maier, page 488, Journal of Interamerican Studies and World Affairs, Volume 13, no 3, July-October 1971