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The acute accent ( ´ ) is a mark in many written languages. It is usually added above a vowel to show how to say it. Acute accents are sometimes added to consonants too. Sometimes, the acute accent changes the sound of the whole word by giving it stress in a sentence. This accent is part of many modern languages that use Latin, Cyrillic, and Greek alphabets. The acute accent is one of many similar marks called diacritics.

´
Acute accent
Diacritics in Latin & Greek
accent
acute( ´ )
double acute( ˝ )
grave( ` )
double grave(  ̏ )
circumflex( ˆ )
caron, háček( ˇ )
breve( ˘ )
inverted breve(   ̑  )
cedilla( ¸ )
diaeresis, umlaut( ¨ )
dot( · )
palatal hook(   ̡ )
retroflex hook(   ̢ )
hook above, dấu hỏi(  ̉ )
horn(  ̛ )
iota subscript(  ͅ )
macron( ˉ )
ogonek, nosinė( ˛ )
perispomene(  ͂ )
overring( ˚ )
underring( ˳ )
rough breathing( )
smooth breathing( ᾿ )
Marks sometimes used as diacritics
apostrophe( )
bar( ◌̸ )
colon( : )
comma( , )
period( . )
hyphen( ˗ )
prime( )
tilde( ~ )
Diacritical marks in other scripts
Arabic diacritics
Early Cyrillic diacritics
kamora(  ҄ )
pokrytie(  ҇ )
titlo(  ҃ )
Gurmukhī diacritics
Hebrew diacritics
Indic diacritics
anusvara( )
chandrabindu( )
nukta( )
virama( )
visarga( )
IPA diacritics
Japanese diacritics
dakuten( )
handakuten( )
Khmer diacritics
Syriac diacritics
Thai diacritics
Related
Dotted circle
Punctuation marks
Logic symbols
Á á
Ǻ ǻ
Ǽ ǽ
Ć ć
É é
ế
Ǵ ǵ
Í í
Ĺ ĺ
ḿ
Ń ń
Ó ó
Ǿ ǿ
Ŕ ŕ
Ś ś
Ú ú
Ǘ ǘ
Ý ý
Ź ź
Ѓ ѓ
Ќ ќ

HistoryEdit

The acute accent was first used in Ancient Greece. It told the speaker when to say a syllable with a high pitch. Another early accent mark was the apex. In Latin the apex marked long vowels.[1]

UsesEdit

SoundsEdit

The acute accent is mainly used to tell readers about the sound of vowels in words. Sometimes it is very important to the meaning because it shows the difference between two similar words. For example, resume may mean to start again, but résumé is a summary of someone's work and school experience. Some languages use the accent to show the same changes in sounds, but others use it differently. The acute accent may show:

Expanding the alphabetEdit

 
Example of acute accents in Icelandic

Some languages use the accent to actually make new letters. Both Faroese and Icelandic add the acute accent to all of their vowels to make new letters. These letters, á, í, ó, ú and ý (plus é in Icelandic) are separate letters with different pronunciations. In Turkmen, the letter Ý is a consonant: [j].

French words in other languagesEdit

Many languages have borrowed words from French. Many Norwegian words which came from French keep an acute accent. Some examples are: allé, kafé, idé, komité. Swedish examples include café and resumé (noun). Examples in English include: attaché, canapé, cliché, communiqué, café, décor, fiancé, passé, toupée and touché. However, sometimes writers forget or choose not to use the accent mark.

Writing other languages in EnglishEdit

Some languages such as Arabic, Persian, or Japanese do not use alphabets. Some writers use the acute accent to tell how the words should sound when words from these languages are written in English. This is more common in older books and less common today.

Technical notesEdit

The ISO-8859-1 and Windows-1252 character encodings included á, é, í, ó, ú, ý. They also had how letters and accents looked when they were written as capital letters. Unicode has many more letters with the acute accent.

Microsoft OfficeEdit

To make an accented letter in a Microsoft Office software (Word, PowerPoint, Excel, etc.), users hold the CTRL key and press the apostrophe ' key once. Then, let the CTRL key go, and press the letter they want.

Macintosh OS XEdit

On Apple Macintosh computers, users press option-e and then the vowel. Vowels can also be capitalised. For example, users make á by pressing option-e and then 'a'. Pressing Option-e and then Shift-a makes Á.

WebEdit

On Wikipedia, users make these symbols by clicking on a link in a box. Some other websites work the same way.

Related pagesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. Apex and Sicilicus, Revilo P. Oliver, The American Journal of Philology, Vol. 87, No. 2. (Apr., 1966), p. 149.

Other websitesEdit