The Adana massacre happened in Adana Province, in the Ottoman Empire, in April 1909. A religious-ethnic clash in the city of Adana amidst governmental upheaval resulted in a series of anti-Armenian pogroms throughout the district. Reports estimated that the massacres in Adana Province resulted in 20,000 to 30,000 deaths.
- Creelman, James (22 August 1909). "The Slaughter of Christians in Asia Minor" – via NYTimes.com.
- "30,000 KILLED IN MASSACRES; Conservative Estimate of Victims of Turkish Fanaticism in Adana Vilayet. DEADLY WORK CONTINUES Tribesmen Besiege Towns and March on Others -- Messengers to American Women Slain. CLASH FEARED AT BEIRUT Druses Gather to Avenge Murder of Deputy and Mohammedans Prepare to Oppose Them". 25 April 1909 – via NYTimes.com.
- "Article 8 -- No Title". 7 May 1909 – via NYTimes.com.
- The Armenian Genocide, Arte France, The cie des Phares et Balises
- Century of Genocide: Eyewitness Accounts and Critical Views By Samuel. Totten, William S. Parsons, Israel W. Charny
- Walker, 1980, pp.182-88
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