African wild dog

species of canid native to Sub-Saharan Africa
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The African wild dog or painted dog (Lycaon pictus) is a carnivorous mammal of the Canidae family.[3] In past centuries it had a wide distribution in Africa.

African wild dog
Temporal range: Middle Pleistocene – present (200,000–0 years BP)
African wild dog in Tswalu Kalahari Reserve, South Africa
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Canidae
Subfamily: Caninae
Tribe: Canini
Genus: Lycaon
L. pictus
Binomial name
Lycaon pictus
(Temminck, 1820)[2]
African wild dog range in red

The African wild dog is very social, living in packs. They hunt antelopes, zebras, and prey kills wildebeests, which they catch by chasing them to exhaustion. Like other canids, the African wild dog regurgitates food for its young, and other adults.[4][5][6] Their natural enemies are lions and hyenas: the lions kill the canids where possible; hyenas frequently steal their kills.[7]


  1. Woodroffe, R. & Sillero-Zubiri, C. (2020). "Lycaon pictus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2020: e.T12436A166502262. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2020-1.RLTS.T12436A166502262.en. Retrieved 17 February 2022.
  2. Temminck (1820), Ann. Gen. Sci. Phys., 3:54, pl.35
  3. Wilson, Don E.; Reeder, DeeAnn M. (2005). Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference. JHU Press. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0.
  4. "AWD - Facts". Born Free Foundation. Archived from the original on 24 March 2018. Retrieved 5 September 2017.
  5. "African Wild Dog (Lycaon pictus Temminck, 1820) - - Animal Encyclopedia". Archived from the original on 6 December 2021. Retrieved 5 September 2017.
  6. "African Wild Dog Natural History". Retrieved 5 September 2017.
  7. "Painted Dog Research | Painted Dogs". Archived from the original on 2022-02-01. Retrieved 2020-12-30.