Al-Azhar University

university in Egypt

Al-Azhar University[1] is a university and mosque in Cairo, Egypt. It is the main centre of Arabic literature and Sunni Islamic learning in the world. It is also the world's second-oldest surviving university.[2] It was founded in 975 by the Fatimids of the Shia tradition.

Al-Azhar University
'الأزهر الشريف Al-ʾAzhar al-Šarīf
Al Azhar1.jpg
Al-Azhar Mosque in Cairo, Egypt
TypePublic, Islamic
Established975 AD
AffiliationShia Islam (975 - 1171)
Sunni Islam (1172 - present)
Sheikh (chief)Ahmad El-Tayeb
Al-Azhar University logo.svg


  1. Pronounced "AZ-har", Arabic: الأزهر الشريف
  2. Alatas, Syed Farid, 2006. From jami`ah to university: multiculturalism and Christian–Muslim dialogue, Current Sociology 54(1):112-32

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