An'ei (安永) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō,, lit. "year name") after Meiwa and before Tenmei. This period started in November 1772 and ended in March 1781. During this time, the emperors were Go-Momozono-tennō (後桃園天皇) and Kōkaku-tennō (光格天皇).
Events of the An'ei eraEdit
- 1774 (An'ei 3): Kaitai shinsho, the first complete Japanese translation of a Western medical work, is published by Sugita Gempaku and Maeno Ryotaku.
- 1775 (An'ei 4): Epidemic diseases spread in the Japanese population and 190,000 died in Edo.
- 1775 (An'ei 4): Carl Peter Thunberg arrived at Dutch East India Company outpost or "factory" in Nagasaki.
- 1778 (An'ei 7): Flooding at Kyoto.
- 1780: After the death of Empress Go-Momozono, the succession (senso) passed to Emperor Kōkaku; and his role as monarch was confirmed by ceremonies (sokui).
- 1780 (An'ei 9): Heavy rains and flooding in the Kantō.
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "An'ei" Japan Encyclopedia, p. 31.
- Nussbaum, "Go-Momozono Tennō," p. 257.
- Nussbaum, "Kōkaku Tennō," p. 546; Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 419-420.
- Hall, John Whitney. (1955). Tanuma Okitsugu, 1719-1788, p. 7.
- Screech, Timon. (2000). The Shogun's Painted Culture, p. 100.
- Nussbaum, "Kaitai shinsho" at p. 167.
- Hall, John Whitney. (1955). Tanuma Okitsugu, 1719-1788: Forerunner of Modern Japan, p. 121.
- Nussbaum, "Thunberg, Carl Peter" Japan Encyclopedia, p. 966; Hildreth, Richard. (1855). Japan as It Was and Is, pp. 387-423 citing Thunberg, Carl Peter. (1796). Voyages de C.P. Thunberg au Japon.
- Meyer, Eva-Maria. (1999). Japans Kaiserhof in der Edo-Zeit, p. 186; Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), 後桃園天皇 (118); retrieved 2012-5-27.
- Nussbaum, "Titsingh, Izaak" Japan Encyclopedia, p. 966.
- Meyer, Eva-Maria. (1999). Japans Kaiserhof in der Edo-Zeit, p. 50; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, p. 44; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami. Compare Kunaichō, Ceremony of Accession (Sokui-no-Rei); retrieved 2012-6-30.
- National Diet Library, "The Japanese Calendar" – historical overview plus illustrative images from library's collection
- National Archives of Japan: Hinozenshu sanbutsu zuko, scroll showing illustrated inventory of industries in Hizen, An'ei 2 (1773)
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