Anastasio Somoza Debayle

President of Nicaragua (1967–72, 1974–79)

Anastasio "Tachito" Somoza DeBayle was officially the 73rd and 76th President of Nicaragua. As the leader of Nicaragua's military he was really the leader of the country from 1967 to 1979.

Anastasio Somoza DeBayle
President of Nicaragua
In office
1 December 1974 – 17 July 1979
Preceded byLiberal-Conservative Junta
Succeeded byFrancisco Urcuyo
In office
1 May 1967 – 1 May 1972
Vice PresidentFrancisco Urcuyo and Alfonso Callejas Deshón
Preceded byLorenzo Guerrero
Succeeded byLiberal-Conservative Junta
Personal details
Born(1925-12-05)December 5, 1925
León, Nicaragua
DiedSeptember 17, 1980(1980-09-17) (aged 54)
Asunción, Paraguay
Political partyNationalist Liberal Party (PLN)
Spouse(s)Hope Portocarrero (married 1950-divorced late 1970s.)
ChildrenAnastasio Somoza Portocarrero, Julio Somoza Portocarrero, Carolina Somoza Portocarrero, Carla Somoza Portocarrero, Roberto Somoza Portocarrero

Many people did not like Somoza as a leader. A group called the Sandinista National Liberation Front wanted to make Nicaragua a better country. They had support from inside and outside the country. In 1975 Somoza Debayle tried to stop the Sandinistas and anyone in Nicaragua who supported them. The Soviet Union and Cuba were giving the Sandinistas money to keep fighting the Somoza family. In 1979 the United States stopped supporting Somoza.

On 17 July 1979 Somoza quit the presidency. He fled to Miami but U.S. President Jimmy Carter would not allow him to enter the country. Somoza then went to Paraguay.

On 17 September 1980 the Sandinistas assassinated Somoza DeBayle.[1]


  1. Gorney, Cynthia (18 Sep 1980). "Somoza Is Assassinated in Ambush in Paraguay". Washington Post. Retrieved 8 Sep 2016.