Miami is a city located on the southeastern part of the U.S. state of Florida. It is a known tourist stop and it is well known for its Cuban, Puerto Rican and Haitian culture. Miami has one of the largest Hispanic communities in the United States, with over 70% of the population being of Hispanic and Latino American descent. Miami is also the county seat (and largest city) of Miami-Dade County.
Miami's downtown skyline in January 2008
U.S. Census Bureau map showing city limits
|Country||United States of America|
|Incorporated||July 28, 1896|
|• Type||Mayor-Commissioner Plan|
|• Mayor||Manny Diaz (I)|
|• City Manager||Pedro G. Hernandez|
|• City Attorney||Julie O. Bru|
|• City Clerk||Priscilla Thompson|
|• City||55.27 sq mi (143.15 km2)|
|• Land||35.68 sq mi (92.42 km2)|
|• Water||19.59 sq mi (50.73 km2)|
|• Metro||6,137 sq mi (15,896 km2)|
|Elevation||6 ft (2 m)|
|• Density||11,554/sq mi (4,407.4/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|Area code(s)||305, 786|
|GNIS feature ID||0295004|
Miami is nicknamed "The Magic City" because of its rapid growth.
The Tequesta tribe lived in what is now Miami before Spain claimed it. In 1566, Pedro Menéndez de Avilés, Florida's first governor, claimed the area from the Tequesta for Spain. Spain ruled Florida until Spain gave it to the United States in 1821. Florida became a state in 1845. On July 28, 1896, Miami officially became a city. It was named after the Mayaimi tribe.
Miami experienced rapid growth during the Florida land boom of the 1920s. However, this land boom was affected by the 1926 Miami hurricane. Many cubans migrated to Miami after Fidel Castro rose to power in Cuba following the 1959 Cuban Revolution, and the population rapidly increased. The majority of these Cuban immigrants now live in Little Havana.
During the 1980s, Miami was a primary location for drug trafficking from South America, mainly Colombia. This brought in millions of dollars into the city's economy, and it allowed the construction of luxury hotels, skyscrapers, nightclubs and car dealerships.
Miami has a tropical monsoon climate. Summers have average temperatures of 33 °C (91 °F) during the day and 25 °C (77 °F) at night, with average monthly rainfall around 8 in (200 mm). Winters have average temperatures of 25 °C (77 °F) during the day and 16 °C (61 °F) at night, with average monthly rainfall around 2 in (51 mm).
Miami-Dade County Public Schools is the school district for public schools in Miami. There are also some private schools there. There are many colleges and universities in and around Miami. A few of these include: Florida International University, University of Miami, Miami Dade College, and Florida Atlantic University.
There are several professional sports teams that play in and around Miami, including the Miami Marlins of Major League Baseball, the Miami Heat of the National Basketball Association, the Florida Panthers of the National Hockey League, the Miami Dolphins of the National Football League, and Inter Miami CF of Major League Soccer.
The population of Miami, Florida as of 2011 is 1.3 Million, with 41.4% suffering from poverty. According to the DNA North American Studies Institute, the racial-makeup of Miami is:
**Others** includes Asians, Arabs, and among others.
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