Major League Soccer

professional soccer league in the USA and Canada

Major League Soccer (MLS) is an American soccer league that started in 1996. As of the upcoming 2021 season, 27 teams will play in the league. 1 team plans to start playing in 2022, and two others plan to join in 2023. The commissioner of the league (the person in charge) is Don Garber.

Major League Soccer
MLS crest logo RGB gradient.svg
CountryUnited States and Canada
Level on pyramid1
Most championshipsCups: LA Galaxy (5)
Shields: D.C. United, LA Galaxy (4 each)
WebsiteOfficial Site

MLS, founded in the United States, is a fully professional league with 26 teams, three of which are based in Canada, and is the top soccer league in both countries. Referees are approved by the United States Soccer Federation and Canadian Soccer Association, which run the sport in the two countries. In turn, U.S. Soccer and the CSA are members of FIFA, which governs all play between national teams and sets the rules for the sport along with the national governing bodies of England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, and Wales.

MLS was formed in 1993 as a professional league, with play starting with 10 teams in 1996. The MLS regular season starts in late February and ends in November, with each team playing 34 games. The regular season is followed by a 14-team playoff tournament to decide the league champion.



Team City Stadium Founded Joined Conference Head Coach
Atlanta United FC Atlanta, Georgia Mercedes-Benz Stadium 2014 2017 Eastern Conference   Gonzalo Pineda
Austin FC Austin, Texas Q2 Stadium 2019 2021 Western Conference   Josh Wolff
C.F. Montréal Montreal, Quebec Saputo Stadium 2010 2012 Eastern Conference   Wilfried Nancy
Chicago Fire FC Chicago, Illinois Soldier Field 1997 1998 Eastern Conference   Raphaël Wicky
Colorado Rapids Commerce City, Colorado Dick's Sporting Goods Park 1995 1996 Western Conference   Robin Fraser
Columbus Crew Columbus, Ohio Field 1994 1996 Eastern Coference   Caleb Porter
D.C. United Washington, D.C. Audi Field 1994 1996 Eastern Conference   Hernán Losada
FC Cincinnati Cincinnati, Ohio TQL Stadium 2018 2019 Eastern Conference   Jaap Stam
F.C. Dallas Frisco, Texas Toyota Stadium 1995 1996 Western Conference   Marco Ferruzzi (Interm)
Houston Dynamo Houston, Texas BBVA Stadium 2005 2006 Western Conference   Tab Ramos
Inter Miami CF Fort Lauderdale, Florida DRV PNK Stadium 2018 2020 Eastern Conference   Phil Neville
Los Angeles FC Los Angeles, California Banc of California Stadium 2014 2018 Western Conference   Bob Bradley
Los Angeles Galaxy Carson, California Dignity Health Sports Park 1994 1996 Western Conference   Greg Vanney
Minnesota United FC Saint Paul, Minnesota Allianz Field 2015 2017 Western Conference   Adrian Heath
Nashville SC Nashville, Tennessee Nissan Stadium 2017 2020 Eastern Conference   Gary Smith
New England Revolution Foxborough, Massachusetts Gillette Stadium 1994 1996 Eastern Conference   Bruce Arena
New York City F.C. New York City, New York Yankee Stadium 2013 2015 Eastern Conference   Ronny Deila
New York Red Bulls Harrison, New Jersey Red Bull Arena 1994 1996 Eastern Conference   Gerhard Struber
Orlando City SC Orlando, Florida Exploria Stadium 2013 2015 Eastern Conference   Óscar Pareja
Philadelphia Union Chester, Pennsylvania Subaru Park 2008 2010 Eastern Conference   Jim Curtin
Portland Timbers Portland, Oregon Providence Park 2009 2011 Western Conference   Giovanni Savarese
Real Salt Lake Sandy, Utah Rio Tinto Stadium 2004 2005 Western Conference   Pablo Mastroeni (interm)
San Jose Earthquakes San Jose, California PayPal Park 1994 1996 Western Conference   Matías Almeyda
Seattle Sounders F.C. Seattle, Washington Lumen Field 2007 2009 Western Conference   Brian Schmetzer
Sporting Kansas City Kansas City, Kansas Children's Mercy Park 1995 1996 Western Conference   Peter Vermes
Toronto F.C. Toronto, Ontario BMO Field 2005 2007 Eastern Conference   Javier Pérez (interim)
Vancouver Whitecaps Vancouver, British Colombia BC Place 2009 2011 Western Conference   Vanni Sartini (Interm)

Former teamsEdit

Team City Last Stadium Founded Joined Left MLS Dissolved Conference
Tampa Bay Mutiny Tampa, Florida Raymond James Stadium 1994 1996 2001 2002 Central Conference
Miami Fusion Fort Lauderdale, Florida Lockhart Stadium 1997 1998 2001 2002 Eastern Conference
Chivas USA Carson, California StubHub Center 2004 2005 2014 2014 Western Conference

Future teamsEdit

Team City Stadium Founded Planned to join Manager Notes
Charlotte FC Charlotte, North Carolina Bank of America Stadium 2019 2022  Miguel Ángel Ramírez
Sacramento Republic FC Sacramento, California Railyards Stadium 2012 2023  Mark Briggs
St. Louis City SC St. Louis, Missouri St. Louis City SC stadium 2019 2023 TBC

MLS Cup WinnersEdit

Season Champions Runner-up
1996 D.C. United Los Angeles Galaxy
1997 D.C. United Colorado Rapids
1998 Chicago Fire DC United
1999 D.C. United Los Angeles Galaxy
2000 Kansas City Wizards Chicago Fire
2001 San Jose Earthquakes Los Angeles Galaxy
2002 Los Angeles Galaxy New England Revolution
2003 San Jose Earthquakes Chicago Fire
2004 D.C. United Kansas City Wizards
2005 Los Angeles Galaxy New England Revolution
2006 Houston Dynamo New England Revolution
2007 Houston Dynamo New England Revolution
2008 Columbus Crew New York Red Bulls
2009 Real Salt Lake Los Angeles Galaxy
2010 Colorado Rapids FC Dallas
2011 Los Angeles Galaxy Houston Dynamo
2012 Los Angeles Galaxy Houston Dynamo
2013 Sporting Kansas City Real Salt Lake
2014 Los Angeles Galaxy New England Revolution
2015 Portland Timbers Columbus Crew SC
2016 Seattle Sounders FC Toronto FC
2017 Toronto FC Seattle Sounders FC
2018 Atlanta United FC Portland Timbers
2019 Seattle Sounders FC Toronto FC
2020 Columbus Crew SC Seattle Sounders FC

Related pagesEdit