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Portland, Oregon

city in Oregon, United States of America

Portland is the largest city in the U.S. state of Oregon. It is the county seat of Multnomah County. About 538,544 people live in the city of Portland, and about 1,927,881 people live in the city's metropolitan area. It is found in the north part of the state, where the Willamette River meets the Columbia River. Portland has the second most people of any city in the Northwest United States, after the city of Seattle.

Portland, Oregon
City of Portland
Clockwise from top: Downtown Portland and the Hawthorne Bridge; the Wells Fargo Center; Portland Aerial Tram and Mount Hood; Jackson Tower and Fox Tower viewed from Pioneer Courthouse Square; St. Johns Bridge; U.S. National Bank Building
Official seal of Portland, Oregon
"Rose City"; "Stumptown"; "PDX"; see Nicknames of Portland, Oregon for a complete list.
Location of Portland in Multnomah County and the state of Oregon
Location of Portland in Multnomah County and the state of Oregon
Portland, Oregon is located in the United States
Portland, Oregon
Portland, Oregon
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 45°31′12″N 122°40′55″W / 45.52000°N 122.68194°W / 45.52000; -122.68194Coordinates: 45°31′12″N 122°40′55″W / 45.52000°N 122.68194°W / 45.52000; -122.68194
CountryUnited States
CountiesMultnomah, Washington, Clackamas
IncorporatedFebruary 8, 1851
Named forPortland, Maine
 • TypeCommission
 • MayorTed Wheeler[1] (D)
 • Commissioners
 • AuditorMary Hull Caballero
 • City145 sq mi (376 km2)
 • Land133 sq mi (346 km2)
 • Water12 sq mi (30 km2)
50 ft (15.2 m)
Highest elevation1,188 ft (362 m)
Lowest elevation0.62 ft (0.19 m)
 • City583,776
 • Estimate 
 • RankUS: 26th
 • Density4,375.1/sq mi (1,689.2/km2)
 • Urban
1,849,898 (US: 24th)
 • Metro
2,389,228 (US: 23rd)
 • CSA
3,110,906 (US: 18th)
Time zoneUTC-8 (PST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-7 (PDT)
ZIP codes
Area codes503 and 971
FIPS code41-59000
GNIS feature ID1136645[6]

Portland has many nicknames. One of these is "The City of Roses," because roses grow well there. Some other nicknames of Portland are "Stumptown" (from the fact that Portland was built over a forest), and "Puddletown" (from the fact that it often rains in Portland).

Many things are from Portland. Some of these things are Powell's Books, Beverly Cleary (and some of her most popular fictional characters, Henry Huggins and Ramona Quimby, which also have statues in the city's Beverly Cleary Sculpture Garden for Children), and the Portland Trail Blazers basketball team.


  1. "City Home". City of Portland, Oregon. 2017. Retrieved January 2, 2017.
  2. The highest elevation is at 9936 NW Wind Ridge Dr., 45°33′31″N 122°46′43″W / 45.55873°N 122.77854°W / 45.55873; -122.77854 (Portland highest elevation). "City of Portland Urban Services Area". Bureau of Planning and Sustainability. Retrieved October 30, 2015.
  3. The lowest elevation historically occurred at low water on January 17, 1937 at the confluence of the Columbia and Willamette Rivers 45°39′03″N 122°45′46″W / 45.65096°N 122.76289°W / 45.65096; -122.76289 (Portland lowest elevation). "Advanced Hydrologic Prediction Service: Portland: Columbia River at Vancouver". Retrieved September 6, 2013.
  4. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 4, 2013.
  6. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.