Portland is the largest city in the U.S. state of Oregon. It is the county seat of Multnomah County. About 538,544 people live in the city of Portland, and about 1,927,881 people live in the city's metropolitan area. It is found in the north part of the state, where the Willamette River meets the Columbia River. Portland has the second most people of any city in the Northwest United States, after the city of Seattle.
|City of Portland|
"Rose City"; "Stumptown"; "PDX"; see Nicknames of Portland, Oregon for a complete list.
|Incorporated||February 8, 1851|
|Named for||Portland, Maine|
|• Mayor||Ted Wheeler (D)|
|• Auditor||Mary Hull Caballero|
|• City||144.98 sq mi (375.50 km2)|
|• Land||133.42 sq mi (345.57 km2)|
|• Water||11.56 sq mi (29.93 km2)|
|• Urban||524.38 sq mi (1,358.1 km2)|
|Elevation||50 ft (15.2 m)|
|Highest elevation||1,188 ft (362 m)|
|Lowest elevation||0.62 ft (0.19 m)|
|• Rank||25th in the United States|
1st in Oregon
|• Density||4,890.59/sq mi (1,888.19/km2)|
|• Metro||2,512,859 (25th)|
|Time zone||UTC−08:00 (PST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−07:00 (PDT)|
|Area codes||503 and 971|
|GNIS feature ID||1136645|
Portland has many nicknames. One of these is "The City of Roses," because roses grow well there. Some other nicknames of Portland are "Stumptown" (from the fact that Portland was built over a forest), and "Puddletown" (from the fact that it often rains in Portland).
Many things are from Portland. Some of these things are Powell's Books, Beverly Cleary (and some of her most popular fictional characters, Henry Huggins and Ramona Quimby, which also have statues in the city's Beverly Cleary Sculpture Garden for Children), and the Portland Trail Blazers basketball team.
- "City Home". City of Portland, Oregon. 2017. Retrieved January 2, 2017.
- "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 28, 2020.
- The highest elevation is at 9936 NW Wind Ridge Dr., "City of Portland Urban Services Area". Bureau of Planning and Sustainability. Retrieved October 30, 2015. .
- The lowest elevation historically occurred at low water on January 17, 1937 at the confluence of the Columbia and Willamette Rivers "Advanced Hydrologic Prediction Service: Portland: Columbia River at Vancouver". Water.weather.gov. Retrieved September 6, 2013. .
- "2020 Population and Housing State Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 August 2021.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.