Daylight saving time
Daylight saving time (DST) or summer time (ST) is a time to keep during summer. During the summer months, the sun stays visible for a longer time, and sunset happens late in the day. For this reason, certain countries advance the time by one hour near the start of summer, and put it back one hour during autumn.
DST helps stores that sell to people after they get off work, and it doesn't hurt farmers and others whose hours are set by the sun. It cuts traffic accident rates. Sometimes it can reduce energy costs, but it can also increase them.
Most of the world's countries do not use DST, but it is common in Europe and North America.
The United States, Australia, the United Kingdom, Canada and many other countries have DST. These countries also have regions that do not have DST:
- United States: most of Arizona and Hawaii
- Australia: Queensland, Western Australia and the Northern Territory
- Canada: Saskatchewan except for a few locations with the border with Alberta and Manitoba, and the Yukon Territory
Iceland, Russia, Belarus, and some parts of Ukraine are countries in Europe without DST.
Since 1971 all clocks in the European Union have changed on same dates and at the same time, 06:00 GMT.
European Summer Time begins (clocks go forward) at 01:00 UTC on the last Sunday in March, and ends (clocks go back) at 01:00 UTC on the last Sunday in October:
|29 March 2020||25 October 2020|
|28 March 2021||31 October 2021|
|27 March 2022||30 October 2022|
|26 March 2023||29 October 2023|
|31 March 2024||27 October 2024[note 1]|
|30 March 2025 ?||26 October 2025|
|29 March 2026 ?||25 October 2026|
- ↑ If the 2018 Commission proposal had been approved by the Council of Ministers, and member states opted to remain on winter time year round, the October 2022 clock change would have been the final clock change.
The following table lists future starting and ending dates of daylight saving time in the United States:
|2020||March 8||November 1|
|2021||March 14||November 7|
|2022||March 13||November 6|
|2023||March 12||November 5|
|2024||March 10||November 3|
|2025||March 9||November 2|
|2026||March 8||November 1|
Permanent Summer Time has support in some northerly countries such as the UK. It was tried in the British Standard Time experiment, with Britain remaining on GMT+1 throughout the year. This took place between 27 October 1968 and 31 October 1971.
There are proposals for GMT+1 in the winter, and DST summer time (GMT+2) in the summer. In favour are most city dwellers: children do not have to come home after school in the dark, and late afternoon and early evening activities benefit. In favour also were those concerned with accidents, because both accidents and fuel consumption go down.RoSPA suggests this would reduce the number of accidents over this period as a result of the lighter evenings.
Against are many farmers in northerly latitudes, because sunrise would occur in winter at about 10:00 in the morning. However, in March 2010 the National Farmers Union said that it was not against Single/Double Summer Time, and is in fact relatively neutral, with many farmers expressing a preference for the change.
Most mobile phones and computers connected to the Internet will automatically adjust their clocks for DST. Some computers will not adjust or will adjust the time incorrectly or on the wrong date. Also, computers with more than one operating system may be incorrectly adjusted twice or more when each operating system boots.
- ↑ British Summer Time Archived September 2, 2016, at the Wayback Machine
- ↑ "Press Release October 22, 2008 It's Time for a Change to Save Lives and Reduce Injuries". RoSPA Press Office. Archived from the original on Mar 17, 2009. Retrieved Sep 22, 2016.
- ↑ "British Summer Time (BST)". NMM – National Maritime Museum. Archived from the original on 2009-08-02. Retrieved 2016-09-22.
- ↑ Jha, Alok (Mar 29, 2010). "Lighter Later Guardian Article". The Guardian. London.
- ↑ "Should we change the clocks?". National Farmers Union. Mar 18, 2010. Archived from the original on Mar 30, 2010. Retrieved Sep 23, 2015.
- Daylight Saving Time – Time Change. TimeAndDate.com
- About Daylight Saving Time - History, rationale, laws & dates Archived 2007-09-18 at the Wayback Machine. WebExhibits