British Crown dependency in the Channel Islands

Jersey is an island off the northwest coast of France. It is a crown dependency of the British monarchy. Jersey is called a bailiwick because the person who is the head of law for the island is called the Bailiff. The Bailiwick of Jersey also includes the islands of the Minquiers and Ecréhous, where nobody lives. The other islands of the Channel Islands belong to the Bailiwick of Guernsey. The country code (also used for internet) is JE.

Bailiwick of Jersey

Bailliage de Jersey  (French)
Bailliage dé Jèrri  (Norman)
Flag of Bailiwick of Jersey
Official seal of Bailiwick of Jersey
Coat of arms
Anthem: "God Save the Queen"
Regional anthem: "Island Home"[1]
Location of  Jersey  (green) on the European continent  (dark grey)
Location of  Jersey  (green)

on the European continent  (dark grey)

Jersey sm02.png
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Separation from the Duchy of Normandy1204
and largest city
Saint Helier
49°11.4′N 2°6.6′W / 49.1900°N 2.1100°W / 49.1900; -2.1100
Official languagesEnglish
Recognised regional languages
Ethnic groups
46.4% Jersey
32.7% British
8.2% Portuguese
3.3% Polish
2.4% Irish
0.9% French
3.8% Other European
1.3% Asian
0.4% African
0.7% multiracial[2]
Church of England
GovernmentParliamentary democratic constitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Elizabeth II
Stephen Dalton
• Bailiff
Tim Le Cocq[3]
John Le Fondré Jr
LegislatureStates Assembly
• Total
118.2 km2 (45.6 sq mi) (unranked)
• Water (%)
Highest elevation
469 ft (143 m)
• 2019 estimate
106,800[4] (198th)
• Density
819/km2 (2,121.2/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2015 estimate
• Total
$6.0 billion (£4.57 billion)[5] (not ranked)
• Per capita
$60,000 (£45,783) (not ranked)
HDI (2008)Steady 0.985[6]
very high · not ranked
CurrencyPound sterling
Jersey pound (£) (GBP)
Time zoneUTC±00:00 (GMT)
 • Summer (DST)
UTC+01:00 (BST)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
Mains electricity230 V–50 Hz
Driving sideleft
Calling code+44
UK postcode
ISO 3166 codeJE

Over one hundred and six thousand people live on the main island. Thirty per cent of them live in its only town, Saint Helier.

Along with English and French, more than two thousand people speak Jèrriais, a dialectal form of the Norman language.


The Bailiwick of Jersey is not a part of the United Kingdom or of the European Union. It has its own parliament called the States of Jersey which passes laws for the island.

Jersey is divided into 12 parishes which elect their own administration.


  1. "Anthem for Jersey"."Anthem for Jersey".
  2. "Bulletin 2: Place of birth, ethnicity, length of residency, marital status" (PDF). Retrieved 12 September 2013.
  3. "Members". Retrieved 2020-01-14.
  4. "Jersey facts and figures".
  5. "Measuring Jersey's Economy" (PDF). 28 September 2016. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
  6. Filling Gaps in the Human Development Index Archived 5 October 2011 at the Wayback Machine, United Nations ESCAP, February 2009

Other websitesEdit