|The Simple English Wiktionary has a definition for: Europe.|
Europe is the western part of the continent of Eurasia, sometimes regarded as a continent in its own right. It is separated from Asia by the Ural Mountains in Russia and the Bosporus strait in Turkey.
There are at least 44 countries in Europe (the European identity of Cyprus, Georgia, Turkey and Russia are disputed) . Most of these countries are members of the European Union.
As of 2017, about 510 million people lived in Europe.
Europe makes 44% of the world's wine.
Europe contains the world's second most active volcano.
Greenland, in Europe, Is the world's biggest island - considering Australia is a continent!
Origin of nameEdit
Europe is named after a princess in Greek mythology called "Europa." The myth says that Zeus kidnapped Europa and took her to Crete, where she became the mother of King Minos (from whom Europe’s first civilization gets its name, the Minoans).
Some of the major periods in European history have been:
- Ancient Greece (Minoan, Mycenaean, Classical, Hellenistic): c.1750 BC to 146 BC
- Ancient Rome (Roman kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire): 753BC-476
- Middle Ages (Early, High, Late): 476 to 1492
- Early Modern Era (Renaissance, Reformation, Age of Discovery, Enlightenment): 1492-1789
- 19th Century, 20th Century and 21st Century (French Revolution, Napoleonic Wars, Industrial Revolution, Colonialism, World War 1, World War 2, Cold War) 1789-present
Regions and countriesEdit
There are several major regions of Europe:
Within these regions, there are up to 48 independent European countries (with the identities of 4 transcontinental countries being disputed). The largest is the Russian Federation, which covers 39% of Europe.
Most of Europe lies in temperate climate zones.
However, there are many different climates throughout Europe. For example, during the winter, it may be snowing and -30 degrees Celsius for 4–5 months in Finland. Yet it may be much warmer, with no snow at all except on high mountains, in Spain.
The European Union is a confederation of 28 European countries. These countries agree to follow common laws so that their citizens can move and trade in EU countries almost the same as they do in their own. Nineteen of these countries also share the same type of money: the euro.
List of CountriesEdit
- Andorra (Principality of)
- Austria (EU)
- Belgium (EU)
- Bosnia and Herzegovina
- Bulgaria (EU)
- Croatia (EU)
- Czech Republic (EU)
- Cyprus Note: European identity disputed (EU)
- Denmark (EU)
- Estonia (EU)
- Finland (EU)
- France (EU)
- Georgia Note: European identity disputed
- Germany (EU)
- Greece (EU)
- Hungary (EU)
- Iceland (Official Candidate of EU)
- Ireland (EU)
- Italy (EU)
- Latvia (EU)
- Lithuania (EU)
- Luxembourg (EU)
- Malta (EU)
- Montenegro (Official Candidate of EU)
- Netherlands (EU)
- Poland (EU)
- Portugal (EU)
- North Macedonia (Official Candidate of EU)
- Romania (EU)
- Russia See above
- Serbia (Official Candidate of EU.)
- Slovakia (EU)
- Slovenia (EU)
- Spain (EU)
- Sweden (EU)
- Turkey Note: European identity disputed (Official Candidate of EU)
- United Kingdom (EU)
- Vatican City
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Europe.|
- "World Populations Prospects, the 2015 RevisionS". United Nations - Department of Economic and Social Affairs - Population Division.
- "Andreas M. Kaplan: European Management and European Business Schools: Insights from the History of Business Schools, European Management Journal, 2014".