Island

sub-continental land that is surrounded by water

An island is a piece of ground that is surrounded by a body of water such as a lake, river or sea.[1] Water is all around an island. Islands are smaller than continents. The largest island in the world is Greenland, because Australia is a continent.

Ireland (left) and Great Britain (right), are large islands of north-west Europe
The Greek island of crete from space
A view of the Utö Island at the Archipelago Sea in Pargas, Finland
Bangchuidao Island is an islet composed mostly of rock, in Dalian, Liaoning Province, China.
The islands of Fernando de Noronha, Brazil, are the visible parts of submerged mountains.

Australia is a continent because it does not have any active volcanic regions, the only continent with this distinction. All of the worlds lands were joined with Antarctica as part of the southern supercontinent Gondwana until the plate began the continental drift about 96 million years ago.

Some islands are their own countries. Examples of island that are their own countries include Cuba, Jamaica, and Cyprus. There are many others. Other islands have more than one country, such as Borneo and Hispaniola.

Big islandsEdit

In EuropeEdit

Other placesEdit

Types of islandEdit

There are many kinds of island:

ReferencesEdit

  1. Society, National Geographic (2012-08-27). "island". National Geographic Society. Retrieved 2020-12-07.