Fernando de Noronha
Fernando de Noronha (Portuguese pronunciation: [feʁˈnɐ̃du d(ʒ)i noˈɾoɲɐ]) is an archipelago in the Atlantic Ocean, 354 km (191 nmi; 220 mi) off the Brazilian coast. It consists of 21 islands and islets, extending over an area of 26 km2 (10 sq mi). Only the main island is inhabited. It has an area of 18.4 km2 (7.1 sq mi) and a population estimated at 3,101 in 2020. Most of the archipelago is low-lying, but there are some parts that reach 100 m (328 ft) in elevation.
The archpielago is part of the State of Pernambuco, Brazil.
The islands are administratively unique in Brazil. They form a "state district" (Portuguese: distrito estadual) that is administered directly by the government of the state of Pernambuco (even though they are closer to the state of Rio Grande do Norte). The state district's jurisdiction also includes the very remote Saint Peter and Saint Paul Archipelago, located 625 km (337 nmi; 388 mi) northeast of Fernando de Noronha. Seventy percent of the islands' area was established in 1988 as a national marine park.
In 2001, UNESCO made it a World Heritage Site because of its importance as a feeding ground for tuna, sharks, turtles, and marine mammals. Its time zone is UTC−02:00 all year round.
- ↑ "Fernando de Noronha". www.noronha.pe.gov.br. Archived from the original on 2019-12-29. Retrieved 2022-09-07.
- ↑ Government of the State of Pernambuco. "Administração Geral de Fernando de Noronha" [General Administration of Fernando de Noronha] (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2017-06-03.
- ↑ "Brazilian Atlantic Islands: Fernando de Noronha and Atol das Rocas Reserves". UNESCO World Heritage List. Retrieved 21 March 2021.