island of Italy

Sardinia (Italian: Sardegna, Sardinian: Sardigna) is the second largest island in the Mediterranean Sea. It is an autonomous region of Italy. It was formerly the Kingdom of Sardinia.

Flag of Sardinia
Coat of arms of Sardinia
 • PresidentFrancesco Pigliaru (PD)
 • Total24,090 km2 (9,300 sq mi)
 (30 November 2012)[1]
 • Total1,648,837
 • Density68/km2 (180/sq mi)
 • Official languages[source?]
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
GDP/ Nominal€33,638[2] billion (2011)
GDP per capita€20,071[2] (2011)
NUTS RegionITG (Insular Italy)

The official name is, in Italian, Regione Autonoma della Sardegna.The capital and largest city is Cagliari.

Geography change

The island of Sardinia has an area of 24,090 km2 (9,300 sq mi) and, after Sicily, is the second largest island in the Mediterranean Sea. It is 270 km (170 mi) long from North to South, and 145 km (90 mi) wide from West to East. It lies between 38° 51' and 41° 15' latitude north and 8° 8' and 9° 50' longitude east.

The island is on the western Mediterranean Sea, between the island of Corsica to the north and Tunisia to the south. The Tyrrhenian Sea part of the Mediterranean is directly east of Sardinia, between the Sardinian east coast and the west coast of the Italian mainland peninsula.

The Strait of Bonifacio (Corsican: Bucchi di Bunifaziu, French: Bouches de Bonifacio, Gallurese: Bocchi di Bunifaciu, Italian: Bocche di Bonifacio) is the strait between Corsica and Sardinia, named after the Corsican town Bonifacio. It is 11 km (6.8 mi) wide [3] and divides the Tyrrhenian Sea from the western Mediterranean Sea.

Rivers change

Sardinia has few major rivers, the largest being the Tirso, 151 km (94 mi) long, which flows into the western Mediterranean Sea, the Coghinas (115 km [71 mi]) and the Flumendosa (127 km [79 mi]).

Mountains and valleys change

The highest peak is Punta La Marmora (1,834 m [6,017 ft]), part of the Gennargentu group of mountains in the centre of the island. Other mountain chains are Monte Limbara (1,362 m [4,469 ft]) in the northeast, the Chain of Marghine and Goceano (1,259 m [4,131 ft]) running crosswise for 40 kilometres (25 miles) towards the north, the Monte Albo (1,057 m [3,468 ft]), the Sette Fratelli massif in the southeast, and the Sulcis Mountains and the Monte Linas (1,236 m [4,055 ft]).

The mountain chains of the island are separated by wide valleys; the main ones are Campidano in the southwest between Oristano and Cagliari, and the Nurra in the northwest.

Islands change

There are many small islands around the main island of Sardinia. Some of them are:

Administrative divisions change

Sardinia is divided in eight provinces:

Administrative map with local names.
Province Capital Area (km²) Population[1]
Cagliari Cagliari 4,570 551,077 120.6 71
Carbonia-Iglesias Carbonia and Iglesias 1,495 127,958 85.6 23
Medio Campidano Sanluri and Villacidro 1,516 100,624 66.4 28
Nuoro Nuoro 3,934 158,314 40.2 52
Ogliastra Lanusei and Tortoli 1,854 57,321 30.9 23
Olbia-Tempio Olbia and Tempio Pausania 3,399 152,455 44.9 26
Oristano Oristano 3,040 163,079 53.6 88
Sassari Sassari 4,282 329,551 77.0 66

References change

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Demografia in Cifre" (in Italian). Istat - Istituto Nazionale di Statistica. Archived from the original on 3 December 2013. Retrieved 11 May 2013.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Archived 2013-10-16 at the Wayback Machine Banca D'Italia, Economie regionali - Istat datas - page 55
  3. "European Space Agency Observing the Earth". web page. European Space Agency. Retrieved 4 October 2011.

Other websites change